When Initially, humanity was “nomadic”, meaning people would go

I hear the word civilization I think of a large group of people concentrated in
a specific area whom have developed technological and cultural advancements
within their group. I imagine a civilization to be a group of fairly organized
and sophisticated people working together to ensure the efficiency of their
society. In my opinion, a civilization can also tell us a lot about the
characteristics of a group of people; for example, where this group of people
is primarily located, the cultural traditions of the people, what they eat, and
whom they believe in (their religion). Nevertheless, civilizations have only
been around for about ten thousand years. As people have progressed so did the
conditions of their lives. Since humans were continually advancing, societies
where able to grow from stages of savagery and barbarism (hunters and
gatherers) to civilizations.

like stated in the notes, to understand our civilization today it is vital to
understand its past.  Since our American
Civilization originates In Europe it is vital to recognize the importance of
European civilizations as they have provided the foundations for our
civilizations today. Initially, humanity was “nomadic”, meaning people would go
where the recourses were, then leave when they ran out. Yet, innovations and
advancements such as domesticating animals and farming led to the Western
world’s first civilization known as Mesopotamia
(located in an area between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers). The people living in Sumer, the southern
region of Mesopotamia started to establish agriculture in a way that would
allow them to stay in one place all year. Around 5,000 BC the Sumerian
Civilization began to thrive and prosper, leading to significant developments
such as irrigation resulting in a steady food supply for its people. The surplus
of food was even used as means of trade with other towns. This “economic
prosperity” lead to a huge growth from the towns into large cities.
Furthermore, the Sumerians even developed their own religion with temples and
priests. Their society consisted of different classes of people based on social
roles and wealth. Summerians practiced division of labor, and even introduced
writing (cuneiform) to western civilizations. Nonetheless, A group called the
Babylonians soon conquered Sumer under the rule of their king Hammurabi who wore
one of the most complete set of rules and legal codes. These sets of codes are
regarded to as “one of the greatest achievements of the Ancient Era”. Among
many other accomplishments, Babylonians also created a calendar and studied astronomy
and astrology.

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After leaning about and studying
some of the worlds earliest civilizations it is simple to conclude the numerous
key features that a civilization entails. After deep research, in my opinion, the key features of
civilization include having a ruler or leader, as well as, a religion or g-d
(government/management/faith). Another key future of a civilization is its
location. A civilization’s location must allow for year round/long term
settlements, irrigation, agriculture (food supply), and farming. There should
also be some sense of commerce in each civilization through currency or trade
that will intern lead to a social hierarchy in the civilization. Another key
feature of a civilization are a set of rules and codes of law within the civilizations government
that will ensure peace and cooperation between its people.