Varvara Maria Politi
Research PhD Plan
Beyond the bounds of Architecture and Body
The composition of the discourse about the manifestation of the tectonic development of buildings,
is about the human body which is assumed as a basic part for this entire transformation of
production. Also there is an objective way about concealing skin, in combination with architecture,
the body transformed into a dialectical perspective within the building design context. Attract the
argument about the contextualisation of human body, as there are not enough of theoretical
discourse about it, there are also not connected as much as the design building itself. Among the
scholars, a need can be found for this dialectical undergo gabfest, a development and a further
research. Concerning the contend that both human body and images provide a structural concept as
such of this of “material flow” which is expressing the idea of the body within the urban space
throughout various specifications interrelated with architecture. Inside this field, this PhD proposal
infers to the possibility to reclaim and transforming those possibilities in this way to comprehend
contemporary architecture, and uncovering a new theory. Furthermore, there are possibilities to
span integrative configuration between architecture, technological perspective about society and
Past the gestalt talk for types -mostly about – the state of tectonic development buildings, those
human bodies assumed as a basic part for the entire transform of production. Furthermore as the
utilisation from claiming the commonplace structural engineering and daily architecture. (Deamer,
1997). Also it is objectively, the way about concealing skin, the human body, similarly as a
persuasive liable gets an epistemological disposition so as with transcend those positivistic standard
about building design (Borden, 2001; Ballantyne, 2002). The architectural design can also
recognised as “not about some transcendent ‘creation’ of objects or elements but rather an act of
attenuation, amplification, resonance and intensity” (Smith & Ballantyne, 2010, p. 22), which
means we do not detect it as human body, as a part of our outer selves. Hence, inside this field, as
stated by the engineering scholar Aaron Betsky1, a building design will be transcending past the
tectonic development physicality for buildings “as it is always is about buildings, but it might be
able to rise above or beyond building, move through building, or perhaps even come before
building. It must be out there, not an affirmation of the mainstream way of making buildings,
because if it did so it would disappear into the building” (Betsky, 2008, p. 15).
For admiration to this idea, this PhD proposal contends that the contextualisation of the human
body may be a performative to investigation of the building design. Similarly as such, this PhD
proposal is delineated under two segments. Firstly, the “architecture in combination with human
body” examines those relevant associations between those of human body. Furthermore the
construction modelling for reference to the composition from claiming “hylomorphism”2,
“territorialisation,”3 and “fragmentation about flow”, concerning illustration pointed out by
engineering and architectural scholars. Second segment is about “Human body within Urban
context”, it climax the background of the human body as an experiential encapsulation in the
preparation from claiming the current construction modelling.
Dwelling and Body
This contextualisation, if we need to compare with the theory of human body and architecture based
on the building design will it be -maybe- the best explanation, starting with the investigate for
hylomorphism towards to scholar Chris l. Smith. Smith4, while he is maintaining the idea of the
connection between sexual masochism is directly connected with “architecture and biology” based
on synchronisation . He is also indicates that: Designers and further biologists can relate themselves
for a comparative and inquisitive position in this observation state (2009, p. 46). Accompanying
Aristotle (as great similarly as Immanuel Kant and of course Martin Heidegger), both controls
endeavour a verbalisation about hylomorphism in respect of body and specifically the ”individual”.
Outside of biology, a social quick of organisations, understandings are entangle of those form–
1 Aaron Betsky (born 1958) is a critic, curator, educator, lecturer, and writer of texts about architecture.
2 Hylomorphism :The doctrine that physical objects result from the combination of matter and form.
3 Territorialisation: organisation, organisation. the activity or result of distributing or disposing persons or things
properly or methodically.
4 Chris L. Smith is an Associate Professor in Architectural Design and Techne?.
matter qualification to suggesting that people themselves can not have the chance to be separated,
starting with others as long as they are related with the technological perspectives in terms of their
survival instincts. Likewise a “form”, the human body will be measured. In architecture, as such, on
configuration it will establish those anthropometric separation between the human body and human
scale. Furthermore material objects, will orientate the proxemic connections between the human
body, quit offering on that one constitution. Furthermore another, more articulate -something -of the
divine extent of the human body. Similarly as a “matter”, the human body is subjectified in which
the tasteful knowledge about construction modelling / architecture will be explained in order to
create a precise understanding with the phenomenological real contact for the ‘gesture’ about
ordinary edifices. The body, for instance, moves uninhibitedly in the diversion park, gets to be more
careful in the library or coffee shops, etc. Through this hylomorphic exposition, the human body
encode its own architecture. Also Smith allude on as those “machinery from claiming connection”,
whereby architectural design permits the rationale about material (2011, p. 36). Furthermore space
of the human body will interpret at the same time. In this regard, the famous scholar Bernard
Tschumi remarks: “The sole judge of the last term of the trilogy, “appropriate spatial
accommodation”, is, of course, the body, your body, my body – the starting point and point of
arrival of architecture” (1994, p. 110). (Department of Architecture, Faculty of Design and
Architecture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.). The cartesian body-
as-object ( Fig 1) need to be contradicted of the phenomenological body-as-subject, and the
materiality. However, rationale of this particular figure need to be restricted of the materiality. In
facts, what is more rationale about spaces? Starting with the space of the constitution of the body-
in-space – the section is multifaceted. Same time those resulting dialogs toward Tschumi5 have
‘reduce’ the inside, that even the minded part of binarism6 based in ‘form/function’, contrast some
of Smith Draws thoughtfulness, regarding the “flows of fragmentation” (Fig 2) between the human
body. Nevertheless, architecture based of this purpose, Smith deploys the philosophical origination
about “territorialisation”7 postulated toward to scholar Gilles Deleuze8 and the psychoanalyst Fe?lix
5 Bernard Tschumi (born 25 January 1944 in Lausanne, Switzerland) is an architect, writer, and educator, commonly
associated with deconstructivism.
6 binarism. : a mode of thought predicated on stable oppositions that is seen in post-structuralist analysis as an
inadequate approach to areas of difference; also : a specific dichotomy subscribed to or reinforced in such thought. the
binarism of West and East.
7 the activity or result of distributing or disposing persons or things properly or methodically
8 Gilles Deleuze (French: 18 January 1925 – 4 November 1995) was a French philosopher who, from the early 1960s
until his death in 1995, wrote on philosophy, literature, film and fine art.
Guattari9. As stated by Smith, both: the human body and architecture are -more- prompt to the
interior framework from claiming the definition “rhythmization.”10 In addition, Smith, contends that
architecture, similar to the body, will be situated for tedium cadenced actions, or the Merleau-
Ponty11 alludes to be a little concerned about the illustration of “an uncertain arrangement for
spasmodic acts” that characterises the region as the control with internal “chaos” of the outer planet
(1945; 2002, p. 225) .”Deleuze and in further context Guattari recommend that the rhythms for
callous cast under the bedlam permit us a safe harbour from chaos, permit us with cut a few region
of bedlam. The musicality stabilises us. Also aggravate to some degree is the greater amount of
architectural beauty. Smith later concludes, “the cutting from claiming . architectural design as
region may be to such an extent, more than the development of characterisations and the estimation
for rhythms. The semantic of what is more requested about material in our reality for . structural
engineering may be significantly more than the actual control or regulation for the bedlam. “. (2010,
p. 4). Through this argument, Smith recommends that the human body and architecture are not
discrete questions or solitary components. Both of them, generally constitute a whole manifestation
for “material flow” that through their mechanic capacities, control bedlam in place that will arrange
learning from architectural design Ballantyne & Smith, 2011).
Reflection / Research Plan
All this considered, this PhD dialog, will be the attestation of the contextualisation between those
human body and architectural design. Those two perspectives concerning the illustration need but
not machines itself. Therefore, the reason for a assessment of the noteworthiness of localised
analyses / methodology between the human body and architecture is more extensive open of
deliberations around urbanity, technology and mediatecture, which this PhD proposal is directly
invested to research in a deeper level. Nevertheless, the social truth — regarding how we imagine,
inhabit, is more representable in architectural modelling, past the positivistic standard of the
tectonic development fabricating. Thus, with this in mind, we trust that this interdisciplinary aspects
9 Pierre-Fe?lix Guattari : French: April 30, 1930 – August 29, 1992) was a French psychotherapist, philosopher,
semiologists, and activist.
10 In order to compose rhythmically
11 Maurice Merleau-Ponty (French: 14 March 1908 – 3 May 1961) was a French phenomenological philoshoper,
strongly influenced by Edmund Husserl and Martin Heidegger.
will illustrate another extent from claiming contemporary architecture considering the prompt-
additional- possibilities clinched alongside with interlinking outline between architecture, style and
the sociologic study for our modern society. The proclamation underneath from Quinn12 (2003, p.
135) might give a open-finished decision to the general speaking examinations for this issue:.
Kronhagel13, c’s. (Ed. ). (2010). Mediatecture: the outline for Medially increased spaces. Vienna:
springer. There is no need for more spaces to live within, producing work or wear our bodies within
urban spaces. During architecture, we are claiming this level headed discussion, may be reflected in
our contemporary society’s regularly evolving relationship with materiality and culture. What is
more situated to bring up something interactive? It is the division between functionalism and
representational may be softening down.
12 Bradley Quinn (born 1976) is a commercial photographer based in Hollywood, Northern Ireland.
13 Christoph Kronhagel, born in 1958, studied architecture at RWTH Aachen. In 1991, he founded the ag4 (joint venture
for 4-dimensional construction), an interdisciplinary team producing and integrating architecture in media.
Fig 1: The cartesian body-as-object
Source : Zilong Tang, 2015, Body and Architecture, image, Pinterest, viewed 26 December 2017
Fig 2 : “flows of fragmentation”
Source: Caroline Lundin 2012, Performative Architecture, image, Cargo, viewed 15 December 2016
Ballantyne, A. (Ed.). (2002). What is architecture? London & New York: Routledge.
Ballantyne, A., & Smith, C. (Eds.). (2011). Architecture in the space of flows. Abingdon, Oxon,
England, New York, NY: Routledge.
Betsky, A. (2008). Out There: Architecture Beyond Building: 11th International Architecture
Exhibition La Biennale di Venezia (Vol. 1). Venezia: Marsilio Editori.
Kronhagel, C. (Ed.). (2010). Mediatecture: the design of Medially Augmented spaces. Vienna:
Smith, C.L. (2009). Text and deployment of the masochist. Angelaki: Journal of the Theoretical
Humanities, 14(3), 45 – 57.
Smith, C.L. (2010). Columns and Clouds. In S. Benton, R. Anderson, C.L.
Smith & M. Niemela? (Eds.), Metamorphoses. Sydney: University of arq: Architectural Research
Quarterly, 14(1), 21-27.
Tschumi, B. (1994). Architecture and disjunction. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
Source : Zilong Tang, 2015, Body and Architecture, image, Pinterest, viewed 26 December 2017
Source: Caroline Lundin 2012, Performative Architecture, image, Cargo, viewed 15 December