Trauma, though experienced by most people, is perceived differently
based on the person’s interpersonal meaning.
Posttraumatic growth is the that a person has experienced aspects of
psychological growth post trauma (Park, 2010; Park & Ai, 2006). The meaning developed
after a traumatic experience demonstrates a person’s ability to positive change. Several aspects are thought
to be associated with post-traumatic growth in trauma survivors and their view
of sacred worldviews. Some examples include connecting to others, new prospects, , spiritual transformation,
and gratefulness of life, etc., (Harms and Talbot, 2007). In the present paper,
the role of spirituality and norms in post-traumatic growth is investigated. It
is hypothesized that a benevolent view of the sacred will be more closely
associated with growth/positive adjustment (e.g., less distress, greater PTG).
The subsequent literature review attempts to establish and support this premise.
Previous research by (Park
et., 2010) demonstrates that meaning-making and adjustment following trauma
suggest that individuals experience anguish when inconsistencies exist between
their global beliefs and established reasoning of the trauma. Such
inconsistencies can lead to distress and depending on the severity of distress
it can affect the likelihood of post-traumatic growth being experienced. In a
longitudinal study (Gunty et al., 2011) indicated that a change is based on the
degree of distress with those who have experience more distress having a weaker
correlation for change than those who experienced less distress post trauma.
Distress helps to establish the distinction between post-traumatic stress and
post-traumatic growth. (Tedeschi and Calhoun, 2006) found that their model of
post-traumatic growth is related to how a people grow from their traumatic
experience despite the event’s stressors, which proposes that positive
growth can be achieved through the severe suffering of trauma survivors.