Title- What’s the significance? The title is significant because it puts emphasis on two cities which adheres to the setting, also diction and irony is established because title refers to the cities, Paris and London, and while one is suffering a major revolution; the other one is completely untouched.List 5-8 important pieces of biographical information that is directly relevant to the work and the distinguished characteristics of the author. Include such things as sociopolitical factors that influenced the author and the impact of his or her work. Cite your sources using MLA format. Biographical InformationSignificance to the work-Charles Dickens was born in Portsmouth, England This is significant to the work due to the fact that Charles places part of the setting in England which may be his homage to his place of birth. -Was constantly alone as a child because his family moved closer to the prison keeping his dad due to debt.This fact is significant to the work because that short time of alienation changed Charles perspective toward life around him and it is really evident within some of the dark themes of A Tale of Two Cities.-Charles Dickens was a lawyer himselfThis is significant to the work because he has first hand experience on what happens within a courtroom. As a result of that, many significant events occur in court within the book. Clark, Steve. “Charles Dickens Info.” Biography.com, A Networks Television, 2 Nov. 2009, www.charlesdickensinfo.com/life/childhood/. Accessed 12 November 20173. List (a bulleted list is fine) of 8-12 of the most significant events of the story in chronological order. Dr. Manette helps the Evremonde brothers aid a girl they raped and goes to jail for attempting to tell the public what he witnessed.Dr. Manette is released from prison and his daughter Lucie finds out he is her father.Charles Darnay is tried for treason in court at the Old Bailey.The Evremonde runs over Gaspard’s son.Charles Darnay marries Lucie ManetteThe Bastille gets stormed and the start of the French Revolution occurs.Darnay goes back to France and gets imprisoned.John Barsad is found out to be Solomon Pross and gets blackmailed by Sydney Carton to help him free Charles Darnay.Sydney switches himself with Charles Darnay before Charles gets executed.Sydney Carton is killed by the guillotine.Ms Pross kills Madame Defarge.Charles Darnay and his family escape the French Revolution and go to England. 4. Identify the significance of the opening scene. The opening scene is significant due to the fact that it provides insight into tension between the upper and lower classes. This allows revolution to be foreshadowed by the reader. By doing so, the plot is opened up and Dickens is able to reveal some of the first themes that are established within the beginning of the book. Such is evident because he even starts off the book by describing contrasting cities and the tension between them. 5. Identify the significance ending/closing scene. The ending of the novel A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens was significant in the fact that it brought multiple themes and rhetorical devices within the book and tied them together to create an amazing, yet saddening ending that fully matched the plot of the story. This is because Charles Darnay and his family escaped France, yet the sacrifice of Sydney Carton allowed for this “Happy Ending”. 6. Identify the significance of the setting(s).The significance of the setting is important to the entire plot of the story. The book takes place in London, and Paris, although these places are very different, the issues that characters endure are similar. The setting of the novel helps identify the tone and the mood of the story. The setting of the story allows the readers to create vivid images in order to understand as well as experience the events occurring in the book. 7. Fill in the chart for major characters, most important characters first (add rows as necessary).CharacterRole in the storySignificance of the character to the workTwo adjectivesDescribing him/herCharles DarnayProtagonistWithout Charles Darnay, there would be no story. He carries the main role and is a very complex addition to the story because he was wealthy but moral which was an anomaly during the French Revolution.Compassionate, determined.Sydney CartonProtagonist Sydney Carton makes the ultimate sacrifice to save Charles Darnay and his family. He comes to find peace with himself and those around him regardless of his past and dies becoming not only an underdog; but a true hero. Lonely, courageousLucie Manette Protagonist Lucie Manette is a true symbol of innocence in a time of darkness and no hope. She remains the opposite of her setting; she is the beacon of hope and affects those around her in a beneficial manner. Cheerful, pleasantMarquis EvremondeAntagonistThe Marquis Evremonde dehumanizes those within his surroundings that are not as economically advantaged. This is shown when he runs over a child and throws a gold coin out of the door thinking that will repay the parents for the life he took. This is evident that he has no sense of morality and is a threat to those around him; including Charles Darnay, Immoral, avariciousMadame DefargeAntagonistMadame Defarge manipulates people for personal gain. She doesn’t care for the well being of others if it means getting in her way. As a result, she causes many deaths and influences the September Massacres to occur in the first place. Destructive, mysterious Theme (statement that shows what the author has to say about a thematic topic)How theme is developed in the text?In Charles Dickens A Tale of Two Cities, the theme of resurrection is present.The theme is developed since Sydney Carton’s sacrifice allowed for Charles Darnay to be ‘resurrected’ because he was supposed to be dead. Yet now, he can lead a happy life with his family and will always acknowledge what Carton did for him.In Charles Dickens A Tale of Two Cities, the theme of sacrifice is presentThis theme is developed within the text because Sydney Carton had to sacrifice his life in order to save Charles Darnay’s family which allowed them to flee out of France. 9. Identify 6-8 short, memorable, significant quotes from the text. Identify the speaker (if appropriate), the situation, and the significance of the quote.Speaker/pageQuotes (short)Significance Charles Darnay, Book 2, pg. 39″I know that when she is clinging to you, the hands of baby, girl, and woman, all in one, are round your neck. I know that in loving you she sees and loves her mother at her own age, sees and loves you at my age, loves her mother broken-hearted, loves you through your dreadful trial and in your blessed restoration.” This is significant because this quote truly signifies Charles love for Lucie. He asks her father, Dr. Manette, for her hand. If it wasn’t for this quote, Charles would have never married Lucie and therefore; the plot would be altered. Lucie Manette/Sydney CartonBook 2, pg. 392″Are you dying for him?” she whispered.”And his wife and child. Hush! Yes.”The significance of this quote lies in the love that Sydney Carton has for Lucie Manette and her family. Without Sydney Carton, Charles Darnay’s entire family including him would eventually be framed and be killed. .Madame Defarge Book 3 Ch 14, pg. 6 “I care nothing for this Doctor, I. He may wear his head or lose it, for any interest I have in him; it is all one to me. But, the Evrémonde people are to be exterminated, and the wife and child must follow the husband and father.”This is significant because Madame Defarge believes that the crime against her sister should be fully repaid with the lives of the ENTIRE Manette family. This shows her lack of humanity and morals. Dr. Manette Book 1, Ch. 6, pg. 6″The faintness of the voice was pitiable and dreadful. … Its deplorable peculiarity was, that it was the faintness of solitude and disuse. It was like the last feeble echo of a sound made long and long ago.”This is significant because Dr. Manette describes how prison takes more than just time away from a person, but their sanity and ability to re-enter society.NarratorBook 1pg . 18″The wine was red wine, and had stained the ground of the narrow street in the suburb of Saint Antoine, in Paris, where it was spilled. It had stained many hands, too, and many faces, and many naked feet, and many wooden shoes. The hands of the man who sawed the wood, left red marks on the billets; and the forehead of the woman who nursed her baby, was stained with the stain of the old rag she wound about her head again. Those who had been greedy with the staves of the cask, had acquired a tigerish smear about the mouth; and one tall joker so besmirched, his head more out of a long squalid bag of a night-cap than in it, scrawled upon a wall with his finger dipped in muddy wine-lees—blood.”This quote is significant because it refers to the poverty that the peasants are going through. This focuses on the tension between the upper and lower class. As a result, it is a signal of the upcoming French Revolution. This is evident with symbols such as the reference to blood and how the wine, “had stained the ground”. This foreshadows death later in the book. Sydney Carton book 3 ch. 15 pg. “I see a beautiful city and a brilliant people rising from this abyss, and, in their struggles to be truly free, in their triumphs and defeats, through long years to come, I see the evil of this time and of the previous time of which this is the natural birth, gradually making expiation for itself and wearing out. . . .I see that child who lay upon her bosom and who bore my name, a man winning his way up in that path of life which once was mine. I see him winning it so well, that my name is made illustrious there by the light of his. . . .It is a far, far better thing that I do, than I have ever done; it is a far, far better rest I go to than I have ever known.” This quote is significant because it refers back to Dickens theme of resurrection. Sydney Carton talks about “rising from the abyss” and how the Darnay family will name their daughter after him. He is referring to a new upbringing in the world and a new hope thanks to his sacrifice. This truly establishes Sydney as a hero and still remains a complex piece of evidence for the theme. As a result, this quote is extremely significant. 10. Identify the major archetypes(use the handouts from class), how it is shown in the text, and explain the significance as it relates to theme. Add rows as necessary. Archetypes/how it is shownSignificance to themeThe Innocent- Lucie Manette pure heartedness and kindness toward would place her at the innocent archetype, especially when she still treats Sydney Carton in a high regard; even after rejecting him.Lucie is seen as an angel and a beacon of hope during the French Revolution. This is extremely important to the theme because her kindness drove Sydney Carton to save her husband. The Villain- Madame Defarge would be seen as the villain due to her hatred for the nobles; regardless of whether or not one is kind or has any sense of morality. She will frame and kill any noble to gain more and more power across the peasants. Madame Defarge is able to manipulate others to gain recognition across the peasantry during the time of the French Revolution. Without her, the life of Charles Darnay would not have even been at risk.11. Identify the following elements and their significance. There will likely be more than one for symbol, motif and imagery. Add rows as appropriate. Include other optional elements as significant:point of view, allusion, etc.Literary Element/how it is shownSignificanceImagery: Imagery is shown when describing characters, connections, symbols, and etc.Allows for the reader to visualize certain events and symbols. By doing so, Dickens enhances the reader’s connection with the characters and plot which makes the story even more enjoyable. Tone: Observed through certain word choice and themes established within the bookThe significance of the tone underlies in the fact that the tone allows the reader to see the authors views implemented into the story, this may be within characters or certain themes that are seen in the story.Foreshadowing: Seen through the suspense that is showed various times across the book. The significance of foreshadowing is that it allows future events to be uncovered. This provides more insight to the reader. For instance, when Sydney bought substances from the chemist, it allows the reader to infer that he plans to free Charles Darnay. Diction and Syntax: Shown through distinct word choice and through some of the figurative language that Charles Dickens uses. By using distinct word choice and figurative language, the reader is able to develop a better understanding with some of the characters. This may refer to the emotions of characters within the book as well as their individual motifs. Symbol: Observed through things such as the broken wine cask and the constant reference to blood within the bookMakes foreshadowing easier to do because uses these symbols to uncover who is about to die next. By doing so, he uncovers some of the mystery within the plot. 12. In a final paragraph, explain why the work should be included on a list of works of high literary merit. Write your personal response to the content and style of work. Give a few specific examples to support your personal opinion.The novel A Tale of Two Cities was an exemplary book due to how complex each character was and how each character could strengthen and weaken the plot at any given moment. The diction within the book perplexed my mind and it contained many difficult concepts that I am sure will help me later on. Each character affected what was going to happen later on in the story, there were many instances where things could be foreshadowed. Yet, some of the expected outcomes did not come true. By doing so, Dickens helped me comprehend the complexity of each character and allowed me to view each person within the book with their own distinct emotions, actions, tones, motifs, etc. Furthermore, this book allows for the reader to not only develop better characterizing skills but is truly mesmerizing in that it has expanded my knowledge on Victorian literature as a whole.