This article offers talks
about the conflict that exist in the story and explains step by step all the
elements of the story in order to help the reader understand the entire plot.
However, A.L.L covers life lessons such as the effects of alcohol
consumption during pregnancy. This can be helpful because of the harmful nature
that comes with alcohol especially for expecting mothers. Therefore, this
article can be applied in ethics and in teaching English Literature class.
American Life League’s
(ALL). Hills like White elephants: Teaching the Culture of Life, 2015.
This article contains the
main idea as well as the story. It covers all aspects of the conflict between
these two lovers how their view point differ. This article introduces us to the
daily conflict that exists in real life and how people tend to have different
perception on a similar situation. The fact that the two characters have
opposing views gives this story a balance whereby one character stands for the
right thing and vice versa. The attitude of Jig can be applied in real life by
those who feel pressured in making decisions that they feel are not right.
“Hill Like White Elephants”, 2014.
This article analyses the
entire situation in this story based on the fact that it is two-party between
two lovers. This article analyses the entre conversation and offers similar and
conflicting ideas between the two. The article further analyses the power in the
relationship between the two characters and gives an understanding on what is
happening in the story. Viorica offers her analysis based on the issue at hand
and further explains the styles applied in this story. Pages of this article
could be introduced in the curriculum for a literature class. Several pages in
this article explains the styles used in this story such as irony, symbolism
among others and how they shape this story.
Conversational Analysis in the Hills Like White Elephants, 2017.
American Life League’s
(ALL). Hills Like White elephants: Teaching The Culture of Life, 2015.
Hemingway, E. “Hill
Like White Elephants”, 2014.
Viorica, C. Conversational
Analysis in the Hills Like White Elephants, 2017.
In conclusion, the effect
of not mentioning the word abortion in this story makes it challenging for most
readers to understand what actually the story is about. The two characters have
conflicting opinions based on a similar topic. Jig who is used to listening to
her boyfriend disagrees with him on the issue of having an operation. The fact
that the story does not say any illness that the operation will cure makes it
clear that it is an abortion. Also, The American says that the only worry
he has is that of having another being among them and he does not like that and
that he wants to be with Jig alone. This implies that Jig is pregnant and soon
they will be a family. The two characters engage in an argument that creates
tension between them whereby the American wants Jig to undergo an operation
which is against her will. Therefore, based on the dialogue between Jig and her
boyfriend, it is likely that she will not have the operation when they arrive
at the city although it is not clear in the story.
When the woman says that
the mountains resemble white elephants, tension mounts until the man ends the
arguments. As a way of apology, she agrees with her boyfriend and further
claims that only “their skin through trees” looks like elephants. However, from
the American point of view, the mounts have no resemblance to elephants and
hills have no skins. But, this is the rational world Jig sees and knows
the things she craves will never be fulfilled. This perspective is clearly
demonstrated when she notices the fertile grain as well as the river. The
fertility of the land contracted with barren sterility portrait by the hills
like elephants. Despite the fact that she desires the beauty, fertility, and
loveliness of the grain fields she is aware that she must be content based on
the barren sterility of having to go for an abortion. During a short argument
between the two, she shifts from someone who was completely submissive to a
lady who is aware her man’s behaviors and actions. She becomes more
confident and acts mature by controlling the issue. When she tells him to shut
up it is a clear indication that she is tired of hearing the same subject over
and over again. Therefore, the fact that she contradicts the demands of her man
by not giving in into the situation acts a red flag that indicates the girl
might not accept to go for an abortion (Hemingway, pg.3-4).
However, the girl seems
not sure about the idea that she wants an abortion. She is not
comfortable with the idea of always travelling and allowing her man to dictate
everything in the relationship. The man has been her guide to a point where he
is talking incessantly in an attempt to convince her that his way is right. He
goes further to tell her the operation entails the doctor creating some room
for new air to enter and after that they will be on unique travels. However,
from the woman’s perspective this life of always travelling, spending nights in
hotels, and never settling seem wearying. The American sees the operation as
simple, but might affect the girl emotionally as well as physical. Based on
these factors, it might be difficult for her to give into her man’s demands
because she comes out as more strong at the present and full in control of the
matter. This makes her realize that she not loved unconditionally and with or
without the operation things will never be the same. She realizes that she will
lose her child no matter the promises of her man and she intends to keep the
child. This is a sign that she might not accept the abortion (ALL, pg.2-4).
Based on the story, it is
clear that the American is determined to influence her girlfriend Jig to have
an abortion. According to her boyfriend’s description, the operation is
“awfully simple,” “perfectly simple” and “not really an operation at all”
(Hemingway, pg.3). He further tells her that after the operation they will be
happy and promises to be with her always, but the baby is the major reason why
he is bothered. The fact that the woman’s health is not mentioned makes readers
assume that the operation is not related to curing any illness. In some
occasions, the American tells Jig that she does not have to do it if she is not
willing, thus indicating that the operation is an elective process. When the
American tells Jig that he only wants her and nobody else makes it clear that a
new being will be introduced in their life unless the woman accepts to take the
operation (Hemingway, pg.3-4).
The story opens up with a
scene on the train station in Spain where the two characters are waiting for a
Barcelona-to-Madrid express train that is to arrive in forty minutes. A
male character by the name “the American” together with his girlfriend, Jig
enjoys a bear outside the station’s bar. The two characters engage in an
argument that creates tension between them whereby the American wants Jig to
undergo an operation which is against her will (Viorica, pg.2). The goal of
this paper is to cover “Hills like White Elephants” and attempt to look at the
effects of not including the word abortion in the story, the motive of the two
characters, and how the setting of the story revels the conflict between the
two characters. Based on the dialogue between Jig and her boyfriend, it is
likely that she will not have the operation when they arrive at the city although
it is not clear in the story.
Ernest Hemingway, “Hills
Like White Elephants”
29 January 2018