This come to understand who they are and what

This essay will look
into three development types that support ages 3-4 years through how outdoor
play supports personal, social and emotional development. An appropriate preliminary review of relevant literature
will be deliberated and an explanation of the uses and limitations of research methods such as an interview.
Ethical considerations relating to the research will be demonstrated and an awareness
of methods of data analysis will be explored. This question was selected as I’ve
always found it fascinating, however never looked into it further. Personal development is when children come to
understand who they are and what they can do. Social development is a child’s
understanding of themselves in relation to others, how they make friends,
understand the rules of society and behave towards others. Emotional development is an understanding of their
own and others’ feelings and develop the skill to be empathetic – to see things
from another person’s point of view. (How to support personal, social and emotional
development for the under-threes, 2016). Early Childhood research allows practitioners to see things about children
in new and different ways.

social and emotionl development – literature – theory – examples in setting

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Play and how its link to development




‘A paradigm is a philosophical stance in which our thinking
and action are embedded’ (File et al, 2017, p.10) Thomas Kuhn believed
“paradigms were considered to offer distinct scientific world-views, providing the basis for defining the
puzzles and questions that might legitimately be pursued, as well as the
criteria for assessing any solutions to them” and “competing ideologies within
research communities” (MacNaughton et al, 2010, p.197)


‘Methodology refer to the principles and values,
philosophies and ideologies that underpin the entire research process. Your methodology
will inform the question you ask, the literature you read, your methods and the
analysis. Early childhood studies research is frequently driven by a
child-centred methodology in which the child comes first.’ (ROBERTS-HOLMES, 2014)



Qualitative research methods typically include
numerical data collection, for example interviews, participant observation,
diaries, drawings and children’s photographs. Qualitative research tends to
produce analyse in depth and detailed data. Qualitative research methods may be
combined with quantitative research methods.

Qualitative research is
what I hoped to do as its more accurate and tells you more than quantitative methods.
Although my participant fell through last minute I will like to use both
methods to assure data back. According the Ethical Guidelines for Educational
Research ‘Researchers must recognize the right of any
participant to withdraw from the research for any or no reason, and at any
time, and they must inform them of this right.’ (Bera, 2011). In result of this my participant was able
to not partake anytime without any explanation. Although this act is positive, I
should have considered this before and taken appropriate actions to prevent
being left with no participant. Quantitative research methods usually involve
numerical data collection derive from questionnaires, statistical surveys and
experiments. Quantitative research tends to produce and analyse broad contextual
data providing overall patters and generalisations. Quantitative research methods
may be combined with qualitative research methods.


What is your understanding of ethics in
research? Make links with the BERA guidelines.

The British Educational Research Association (BERA, 2011) guidelines for
ethics in research is used for the respect of the participants, the quality of research,
freedom, values and knowledge. To carry out research sometimes
you need to gain permission from the ‘Gatekeeper’ of the organisation where you
are conducting research.  Participants
need to be fully informed regarding the purpose of the study and how it will be
carried out, including details of what their involvement will entail, and any
risks or benefits associated with it. I sent a participation information sheets
to the gatekeeper. As the participant is doing this voluntarily they have a
right to withdraw. Potential participants should be clearly informed that they
have a choice as to whether to take part, and a right to decline to participate
or to withdraw from the study at any time without having to give a reason. All
personal data is anonymised or coded so that it cannot be linked to the
participant. The guidelines set out in the Data Protection Act 1998 apply to research
–All personal data should be collected, stored and handled securely and
precautions should be taken to prevent any unauthorised access to it. All
information supplied by participants should remain confidential. Care should be
taken when transferring data. Data should only be retained for a certain time
after the research has taken place and then destroyed sensitively and securely.
These things should be made explicit to the participant.