Thesis Statement:With the use of social media in today’s generation, the mentality of adolescents has been gradually changing. Body image can be influenced very easily by the amount of information that is addressed to the public. This all results in negative effects on the mind, as well as it could contribute to poor health. However, by seeing this information publically there is a whole mindset that social media could be influencing kids positively too. Background Information:Body image has been a major effect on today’s youth and a heavy influence that has determined due to the certain social media’s. Exposure to certain social media’s have had an increase of dissatisfaction with the body (Middleman, 1998), the tendency to socially compare oneself to others, and the mental image of one’s body could change the way that they behave which could lead to health issues. Body image is normally defined as the physical and emotional appearance towards the body of themselves (size, shape, and feelings) (Grogan, 2008). To further, throughout many years these changes have been due to social media’s like Twitter, Instagram, Facebook, and Snapchat. Many people disregard the fact that body image does not just affect young girls, but it could have an early impact on younger boys too (McCabe, 2001). By there being mass media’s too such as magazines and TVs, adolescents have the availability to look up whatever which also results in an unrealistic view of how the body is. These body concepts also depend on the culture and even with certain families, young adults can’t socially acknowledge due to the fact if they’re too skinny or even too fat. In the adolescent years, by having social media approval they are depending on “likes” which results in higher self-esteem and satisfaction (Knoor, 2014). Although these likes could lead to positive impacts, consequences such as anorexia or bulimia can occur. Changes in today’s society such as the increase in plastic surgery is happening, because of the number of people that want to look and feel acceptable. Altogether, changes such as those exacerbate the acceptance as a young adult with their body. Different Social Media and Development:Every society is different in the way body ideal types are, but above all, they intertwine with each other and result in one body image. As adolescents begin puberty at the age of 13, it is expected for kids to play outside but since technology has become a problem, children spend their time inside texting and chatting online (Derenne, 2006). Social media’s like Twitter, Snapchat, and Instagram not only stress the importance of body image but specifically the types of girls and boys. By using Instagram one scrolls through pictures and decides to see them if they like it or not. When seeing these pictures, there is also a feed of people that are suggested you should follow. That’s when you could search up models or find people who post exercise suggesting. Therefore recommending people to look a certain way, or giving them an idea of how they should look. In today’s society, modern people are feeding off the social media and how the ideals for young adults are told to be thin or muscular (Grogan, 2008; Hesse-Biber, 2007; Soulliere & Blair, 2006). The ideals of being thin are highly pointed out for young girls, and young boys have always been isolated. As it appears all over social media body dissatisfaction and low self- esteem is as “vulnerable” to adult men and women, as it is too early adolescents (Vitelli, 2013). The power of social media has an impact starting as a child by having the mass media such as magazines and televisions, all the way to adulthood where one must have a “perfect body” and lead to extreme consequences. When using Snapchat, there is a 10-second max from a picture and one decides to see the different “stories” which is essentially their daily lives. Due to the social norms that are implied today, body image ideals have become much different, whereas in the 1900s the way one looked was not selective and young adults could be either thin or fat (Spitzer & Henderson, 1999). Adolescents body image ideals in 1900 compared to now were very different due to the influence of social media. Facebook, Snapchat, and Instagram are part of the new generation and by having the development of societies pressures too, both are major factors of a new mentality. Although each of these social media’s is used a lot, the oldest and biggest social media that has an influence on adolescents body image is Facebook. Due to the exposure of 1.3 billion people that use Facebook, many young women have the ability to compare themselves to others. (Fardouly, 2014) The Social comparison theory is a common factor of body dissatisfaction and thin/ muscular. When interacting with others through social media, in order for adolescents to feel better with themselves they “seek to compare others to believe they are similar, and particularly are able to determine their own levels of abilities and successes (Festinger, 1954). With this theory, there are two types of comparisons called the upward and downward comparison. They both result in a negative effect which then lead to health issues such as anorexia (Field, Carmago, Taylor, Berkey, & Colditz, 1999). As Instagram, Twitter, and Snapchat could show models having a “perfect” body, adolescents believe and from their own perception form a body ideal type, which could result in being higher or lower standard for someone else. In modern society, the popularity of interactive media has increased tremendously and the use of social networking is high too. In the U.S. the consumption of usage is from 18-24 year -olds (Fardouly, 2014). Aside from social media other factors such as peer pressure among each other, undeveloped mentality of what to eat and what not to eat affect the view on how one’s body should look like, and parents of the children. Parents also play a role when influencing their child’s mentality over body image. It is believed that parents show more interest in their daughter’s appearance than boys (Dunn, 1999). But boys could have as many insecurities with their own bodies because social media could be intimidating like friends. Opposite sex- roles are very segregated when body image is studied, but social media also has an impact on how young boys should look versus what they actually look like. In reality, adult men are objectified to women, because women should be the only ones that should stay thin and beautiful. It is said that “over one-third of males think their current size is too small, while only 10% of women consider their size too small” (Croll, Body Image, and Adolescents). Given that people only put more emphasis on women body images, men have been started to get more attention for their self- esteem. Influence on Body Image:Many individuals have the power to control the way their body looks like. For example, many adolescents nowadays do extracurricular activities due to the fact that they are in school and exercise could help them physically, and emotionally. Social media has a negative and a positive side to body image. Body image could be seen as a positive, because by having examples of others doing specific activities such as play a sport, or make YouTube videos on “How to do your makeup” it could give guidance to those who feel unsatisfactory with their body and their trying to have a healthy view. Body image advocacy on social media has a huge impact on those early adolescents who feel insecure about themselves, and social media’s are trying to create a possible view that everyone is individual in their own ways. A major perspective that gives a positive role on body image is the use of ads through social media motivating that many should do exercise. Individuals who take care of themselves and feel happy on how they look will have a “healthy body image” (Grogan, 2008). Certainly, parents could also be a huge factor in influencing their children positively through social media by showing them a different position on how many things currently are photoshopped and not everyone is perfect. As every society is different in their ways for example in Latin America it is stereotypical that many women end up being curvy and having oily skin, but in European women, it is seen that they are tall and skinny. Above all, social media also shows many different cultures of body image types. Many adolescents have the possibility of selecting their own connections through social media such as friends, family, and “friends of friends”, and by having these third parties there is an idealization that is more difficult for children to be accepting their bodies. Adolescents are getting different assumptions from these third-party friendships which results in negative outcomes and “distorted perceptions” towards themselves (Grogan, 2008). By having these negative views through social media body shame and humiliation are conveyed. As media is induced criticism is pointed towards young children by others which could have an impact on how their appearances are and could “break down” people’s way of how they feel (Abate, 2017). People like celebrities with skinny bodies publish pictures on Instagram or Facebook showing an “ideal” for what women should look like and early adolescence begin to see them as role models, however, no matter how skinny one is, there will always be one person who shames others. Because of body shaming that occurs on these social media’s many young adolescents self- image have been ruined which could result in depression as well as suicides. For example, on November 29th Brandy Vela was an 18-year-old student who had killed herself due to the fact that many were cyberbullying because of her weight and looks (Keating, 2016). Mass media, as well as a variety of social media’s, have been able to try to improve and influence others that there is no “perfect” body starting at a young age until adulthood. Social media’s such as Instagram or Facebook have been creating this idea of body image, but these influences have resulted in traumatizing effects such as eating disorders.Risks of the Body ImageWhile many young adults from the age of 15-25 years old have the body image ideals that they have an “acceptable” body, there are consequences to such as eating disorders, anxiety, as well as even death. In addition to that, there have been new theories acquired to possibly think why young adults have these illnesses. In the today’s world has had a big emphasis on technology which resulted in an increase from 14% to 85% (Pew Internet and American Life Project Surveys). Therefore, the result is arguments about the use of social media and the Internet in the sense if it’s positive or negative. Eating disorders such as Anorexia, Bulimia are resulting from the use of social media use such as Instagram or Facebook, as well as dieting ways.Anorexia is “a type of eating disorder marked by an inability to maintain a normal healthy body weight, often dropping below 85% of ideal body weight” (Fairburn, 2002) which today is influenced on social media’s such as Instagram, and Facebook. Since Instagram has been a newer manner of social media’s it has also been dealing with higher levels of depression and negative behaviors (Sidana, 2016). Due to the fact that these social media’s post inspiring pictures of people being skinny or being “healthy”, the newer generations are determined to be that, but end up getting ill. As many people are trying to improve the way they eat “54% of consumers using social media to discover and share food experiences, and 42% using social media to seek advice about food” there is a big amount of young adults who still result in being anorexic (Turner, 2016). By people sharing and clicking on a like button proves the acceptability in the society and how people react to it. If there are lower numbers being compared to higher than there can be a detrimental effect on the self- esteem which leads young girls as well as young boys to be anorexic. By having this early risk of being anorexic, it could lead to a physiological mentality which could lead to forever dieting, and body dissatisfaction (e.g., Killen et al., 1996). Without a doubt, the distinction between young boys and girls along these lines are that there are gender roles being taken into consideration. An example, when people think about the word “dieting”, they refer to as women only doing it, however, men also have a certain standard of how they should look like. Body dissatisfaction in both gay and straight men is shown, because of the muscular ideal and the “cosmetic appeal of weight loss” which is prone to cause heart diseases (Brink PJ, 1998). Not only can it cause heart disease, but results such as depression and anxiety can occur. The Self- discrepancy theory is a “representation in the self-concept of ways in which one falls short of some important standard” (Higgins, 1987) in which this could traumatize the person into thinking that every single detail of their body is characterized with a problem. SolutionsAlthough there has been a problem with social media’s such as Instagram and Facebook, there have been solutions implemented. Also, there have been new ways of trying to make others feel happy with the increase of plastic surgery. The influence of social media is not just in the United States, but all over the world. How is it possible that in the US there is a 38.2 rate of obesity, however, there are adolescents facing anorexia? (OECD, 2017). In Europe, there have been earlier solutions in places like France, Spain, Italy, and Germany, however, on skinny models. Models could be considered young adults, but now with these new laws, there is a limit in age.The place that started with these solutions was Italy the Italian Minister for Youth and Sport activities when the fashion shows started to ban the idea of skinny women and the production of clothes ranging a specific size (Dragone, 2010). Afterwards, Spain had introduced the law to ban models who were under the BMI of less than 18 (Sykes, 2017). The BMI is ” a person’s weight in kilograms (kg) divided by his or her height in meters” in which many models from media’s take in consideration at any time. Many adolescents should not worry about their BMI, due to the fact that if they do know there will be a larger emphasis on how they should look or the amount of fat they have in them. France has been one of the major places to prohibit the thought of anorexic women modeling. To further that, they made it clear for the companies that do persuade a thin idealization a fine will be put and could worsen by going to jail (Dragone, 2010). Although Germany isn’t as strict as France, there is a law demanded by the German Ministry. On Instagram there are models that are heavily influencing body ideals for other women and men, but what could occur to those who do sport? Young adults such as athletic players are a good example of those who are built muscular, however, that is a different perspective on an idea of body image. This view of a bulkier body shape shows that there is no ideal in being thin. In today’s society, globalization has brought various concepts of how the body should look like. By having an increasing in contact with one another and the increase of media being integrated there is a change in the mentality of others. Research in Fiji was made based off of young girls and boys. It was shown that there was a different understanding of the body and the reasoning of being sociocentric and as time passed there was a cross-cultural view on how a specific body should look. By having a westernized view, there was an impact on the body conceptualization (Anderson-Fye, 2012). If many adolescents feel the way about their body at a youth age, at a certain age it is acceptable for them to reconstruct themselves as in doing plastic surgery. Although this is not a good way of doing it, it is an alternative that many consider. There are a variety of different ways from plastic surgery such as breast augmentation, liposuction, nose reshaping, eyelid surgery, and tummy tuck (Plastic Surgery, 2016). Of course at an age, one can only afford these adjustments to their body since it’s also very expensive too. ConclusionThe image of a body hasn’t changed, but the influences towards these new body ideals have impacted the mentality of adolescents. Instagram: the site based off of the popularity of likes, Facebook: broadly based when it’s mostly posts and Snapchat: mostly known for a 10-second story that will continue to be promoting such body ideals, but what if they begin to do it as a positive view and not a negative view. Positive views such as helping the kids develop social skills by being able to expand their social circles through Instagram and begin a new friendship. In addition to this Dove Campaign is reaching out and trying to change how others should view themselves and provide that empowerment (Courtney B.A, 2016). In 2014, Victoria Secret stood up by changing the mindset of how a “Perfect ‘Body” doesn’t exist and there is a diversity of body types (Courtney B.A., 2016). Although the Instagram models themselves or models that are promoted through ads on Snapchat are starting to change, there should be an official law towards the sizes and looks too. Even though this could put plastic surgery business’ at risk, no matter what there will always be a “but” aside from a body, it could be the face too. In looking at the reality of our society by surrounding yourself with positive people and trying new ways with communicating with them aside from a specific social media, it could the best way of recovering a mental state. Given the popularity of the use of social media’s, it should be taken into consideration that it’s not a problem to step back from it and take a break.