The our generation today. From the earliest days of

The
history of immigration to the United States details the movement of people to
the United States beginning with the first European settlements from around the
world 1600s. Most immigrants came to the USA in a quest for greater economic
prosperity, while others such as the Pilgrims in the early 1600s, arrived in a
quest of religious benefits. From the 17th century, hundreds of
thousands of African slaves were forced and brought to America against their
will. Leading up the South American, Central American, and Mexican waves of
immigration that make up most of immigration patters today. Although the waves of
immigration differ throughout history of the United States, most of the same
problems occur. From assimilating to a new country, social pressures and
opinions, to political reform, being an immigrant in the United States is
viewed different by almost everyone living the United States. Some people are
for it, and some people are against it. This may be due to how in today’s
society are seen and the potential effects they have on today’s economy in the
United States. From the roots of American immigration, social and political
effects of illegal immigration, the economic standpoint, and the handling of
illegal immigration by Donald Trump, Immigration is a complicated debate that
is a very popular subject of our generation today.

From
the earliest days of immigration, America has always been a nation of
immigrants, beginning with its original people, who crossed the planes
connecting Asia and North America thousands of years ago. By the 1500s, the
first Europeans led by the Spanish and French, had begun to settling the in the
United. In 1607 another wave of English migrated to the United States. Another
major wave of immigration occurred around 1815 to 1865. The majority of the
immigrants came from Northern and Western Europe. In the 1840s almost half of
America’s immigrants were from Ireland alone. Between 1820s and 1930s
approximately 5 million Irish migrated to the US. In the 19th
century, the United States received around 5 million German immigrants alone
according the news article. According to the national census of 2000, more
Americans claimed German ancestry than any other group. During the mid-1800s,
Asian immigrants settled in the United States lured by the California Gold
rush. Between 1880 and 1920, a time of rapid industrialization and urbanization,
America received more than 20 million immigrants. As the time went forward more
and more ethnic groups and people from around the world immigrated to the place
that is known as the United States of America.

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 In today’s world, there are many social
effects of illegal immigration. To understand the negative view points
associated with illegal immigrants, it is important to know where these mass
waves of illegal immigrations come from and what countries. This may explain
why illegal immigration is viewed negatively by a huge amount of American
citizens. The main source of illegal immigration comes from Mexico with an
estimated number of 6.2 million. Guatemala has 730,000 illegal immigrants
currently that reside in the United States. El Salvador comes in at 480,000 and
Honduras at 337,000. Other countries with substantial number of illegal
immigrants are China, India, Korea, and many other countries from around the
world. Because a vast number of undocumented immigrants are from Mexico, the
stereotypical picture of the illegal immigrant is to be Mexican. Further, in
addition of criminals that are a part of this undocumented immigrant
population, and it adds another layer of negative associations to the
stereotypes. The migration Policy Institute has estimated that 820,000 of the
11 million undocumented immigrants have been convicted of a crime. Most
Americans agree that criminal activity is associated with illegal immigrants.
Their reasoning for this is, since they are illegal they should not be here and
therefore the crime would have not happened. Almost all Americans have no
problem with immigration itself as long as it is legal. There are many problems
that come along with illegal immigration, and not only from Mexico but from all
over the world. Risk of identity theft, loss of jobs for the working class, and
potential exposure to criminals has made the idea of illegal immigrants a main
issue in the United States today. With each year passing, the number of
undocumented immigrants rises. According to statistics, 150,000 undocumented
immigrants migrated to the United States versus one million legal immigrants.
Those that come undocumented, the majority are Hispanic/Latino/ and Asian.
These illegals join the 11 million existing illegals residing in the United
States today. Furthermore creating a divide among the American public. That
divide has propelled action in the government. In the last decade, the White
House has attempted to crack down on illegal immigration. In 2005 the Border
Protection, Anti-Terrorism, and illegal immigration Control Act was passed in
the House of Representatives but was defeated in the Senate. Many of those that
disliked the arrival of undocumented immigrants felt so because illegals took
jobs for lower pay that would have gone to working class Americans. These
Americans could no longer find a source of income and employment and saw the
illegals as a step back from economic prosperity and competition for employment
which they should have had because they were citizens of the country. The attitudes
festered for years until the arrival of political figures that would help these
Americans turn their frustration into political power.  The political figures helped many states like
Arizona and Alabama along with New Mexico to crack down on illegals, allowing
police to check for their status. Meaning if they were here legally or
illegally. After some states passed strict immigration laws that forced the
police to check the immigration status of anyone they suspected to be in the
country illegally, anti-immigrant groups lost a lot of their support.  These small changes were very negligible in
the beginning. Citizens at the time were happy with the results, preventing
their anti-immigration rhetoric and rallies. However a couple years down the
road people began to take the anti-immigration position again. Many that
opposed illegal immigration felt illegals took their places of employment from
them, were nagging in criminal activity, and took valuable government resources
and tax payer money. The stage was set in 2016 for another anti-immigration
movement to take shape. During the presidential election of 2016, Donald J
Trump used illegal immigration as a platform which to build his campaign. His
very famous “build a wall” promise matched the negative sentiments felt by an
angry and disheartened American public that was fed up with illegal immigration
being uncontrollable. Such campaign promises to the public led him to victory
in the Republic Primaries and eventually the Presidential election again Hilary
Clinton. When Trump took office in January of 2017, his first 100 days marked a
change in how the American people and government dealt with immigration issues
that frustrated them for many years.

When
Donald Trump won the presidential election and prepared his cabinet to begin
transforming the United States. At the top of his agenda was the deportation of
illegal immigrants and promised during his campaign to the American people.
Through the signing of two executive orders, Trump became to crackdown on illegal
immigrants. These two executive orders aimed to tighten border security as well
as crack down on sanctuary cities allowing the United States immigration and
other enforcement agencies to make more arrest than they could have under any
other president before. Since the 100 days of President Trumps term as
president, over 42, 00 arrests were made. This represented about a 40% increase
from the same time in 2016 under president Obama when ICE arrested about 31,000
undocumented illegals. While the arrests have steadily increased, the number of
deportations has gone down compared to the 2016 deportation rates around the
same exact period. Two executive orders signed by Trump in January of 2016
sought to increase the authority of the United States immigration officials.
The important details of the first order include” he immediate construction of
a physical wall on the southern border” between Mexico and the United States,
and calls for an additional 5,000 border patrol agents in the region”.  While the second order adds a limit to the
ability of sanctuary cities to offer refugee status to illegal immigrants.
Trump was able to successfully do this by removing eligibly of these cities to
receive federal funding if they did not operate with immigration authorities.
Additionally the second order expanded the number of undocumented immigrants
who were considered priorities for removal. Under this new law, any illegal
immigrant who sought as a risk to the American public safety or the American
national security qualified as suspect to be deported.  While the Obama administration sought to
prioritize the capture of criminal illegals, especially involved in gangs and
organized crime, the President Donald Trump decided to widen the net and used
such priority n most illegal immigrants. In fact, it is widely known that
President Obama has deported more illegals than President Trump but yet the
public views president Trump in a much more negative manner. With many arrests
the immigration court system has slowed down, keeping deportations at a
standstill. From 2016, deportations have declined to about 57,250, a 13 percent
decrease from 2016. Both administrations fought illegal immigrations,
regardless of the number of deportations or number of arrests, both presidents
made it clear it wishes to end te problem of illegals in America and wanted to
create a legal pathway to citizenship for everyone. Trump supporters hailed
trumps decision to build the wall and deal with the widely known immigration
problem. However, another action by president Trump was not so well favored
among the American public and court systems along with different judges around
the United States. The Muslim Ban Trump signed as an execute order, restricted
travel to and from six predominantly Muslim countries. The targeted countries
were Iran, Yemen, Libya, Sudan, Somalia and Iran. Critics of the ban believed
the move was unconstitutional and the courts eventually removed the ban. This
was viewed by many in the government and the media as the most extreme act of
ant immigration in American history. Although the Chinese exclusion act was
roughly the same in limiting certain people from entering the United States,
Trump’s executive was viewed negatively by many sides of the public.

Illegal immigrants tend to increase the economic costs of
the country by lowering domestic wages and raising expenses on public services
such as health care and education. They also affect public expenses and income
tax revenue. With those who have bigger families being the most heavily
dependent citizens on public support systems creating a drain on public funds
as they use public utilities such as roads, and medical centers. This causes a
negative effect on the citizens. As much as
illicit workers pay duties, for example, finance, deals, property and
withholding charges their utilization of the general population, for example,
wellbeing and training is essentially high with the net impact being that they
utilize more open assets than they pay out in charges. The Center for
Immigration Studies evaluated that the measure of cash that is being spent by
the state on illicit migrants by 2002 was $12 billion dollars more than they
got as charges from the settlers which were equivalent to 0.2 percent of the
aggregate GDP for that year as indicated by insights. The landing of very
gifted foreigners has a negligible constructive outcome on the wages of
subjects of United States while increment in the quantity of low talented
settlers has an insignificant negative impact on the wages of the U.S natives.
The cost of imprisoning illicit foreigners puts a weight with the citizens.
With the Federal Department of Prisons assessing that four tenths of those in
prison are illicit migrants. Additionally, because of false of reports, some of
them can get welfare and in addition other help programs. With the evaluated
cost of supporting an unlawful outsider in the wake of subtracting their
assessment installment is around 45 billion dollars. Analysts discovered that
in those states with substantial outsiders encounter a fall in costs in
territories, for example, housekeeping, cultivating, and youngster mind among
others. It’s hard to appraise the net monetary impact workers have on the
economy as this will require information about pay and ways of managing money
of illicit migrants. This is generally hard to figure out which has prompted
absence of data at the national level with regards to the genuine monetary
effect of migration. Notwithstanding, a lot of studies have been done in
California and New Jersey by the National Research Council which have a vast
populace of settlers. With the determination demonstrating a negative net
effect on the economy. Therapeutically, a large portion of the unlawful
foreigners can’t pay for treatment. For example the Medical Center in Tuscon
expressed that unlawful settlers cost them about $10 million. The Arizona
Ambulance Association detailed that $3 million dollars of costs which were past
due were owed unlawful migrants as indicated by a report by the Arizona
migration division Also, illegal immigration has led to the introduction and
amendment of laws a number of times in an effort to curb illegal immigrants
from accessing housing, jobs and other public services. The most eminent establishment was the Immigration and
Reform Act of 1986 which required bosses not to utilize unlawful migrants
purposely. To impact this, businesses needed to request that their planned
representatives demonstrate confirmation that they were lawfully permitted to
work in the nation. This should be possible utilizing one out of various
archives, for example, a driving permit and INS changeless occupant card. After
which, bosses need to round out INS frame I – 9. Government and neighborhood
states have additionally reacted to the issue of unlawful movement by passing
new acts.

 

Unlawful migration serves to undermine the procedure of
legitimate movement. The individuals who need to lawfully move to the U.S
typically need to sit tight for long stretches, with a great many people
sitting tight for no less than five years to get a visa. Considering the way
that most illicit migrants can live securely in the U.S without being expelled
and in a few occurrences allowed changeless residency, a great many people are
enticed to relocate unlawfully. Just a little extent of unlawful migrants are
ousted each year in connection to their aggregate number. With the Department
of Homeland Security for the most part having the capacity to track those
workers who have been occupied with wrongdoing. By 2003 just 186,151 foreigners
were expelled for the most part in the wake of having carried out a wrongdoing.

This might
get out of control as “Continuing high levels of illegal immigration might
undermine the rule of law and weaken the ability of the U.S government to
enforce labor- market regulations” as noted by ( Hanson 4).

 

Immigration
has been what the United States has been founded on and an integral part of the
United States since its colonial days. 
New waves of people each century filled the United States with different
cultures. Although there was diversity in the days before the American
Revolution, things changed after. One notable change was the desire of the
American government to exclude entire peoples from immigration into the
country. What started as the Know Nothing political party, took form as the
Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882. Only in 1965 did immigration resume and blew
full steam ahead. With any wave of immigration there will come problems. This
time it was in the form of illegal immigrants. Many illegal immigrants came
from what is known and Latin America. Mexico primarily, brought many illegal
immigrants that reshaped the way immigrants are viewed by Americans and how the
American government sought to alleviate the problem of illegal immigration.
What voters saw in Presidents Trump’s election represented hardships, beliefs
and principles of many Americans? Voters wanted more economic stability and saw
illegal immigration as a deterrent to American prosperity. The current
presidency has brought back many difficult and troubling experiences for
immigrants and set the stage for a new era in immigration. This era is rife
with anger and cries of injustice on both sides. Immigration has become a
nightmare for some looking to come into the United States. For others it
remains the way it always was. Patiently waiting for the legal process to allow
them to come into the country legally. Until this
day there is an ongoing debate as to whether illegal immigration has negative
or positive effects to the U.S, some that argue that illegal immigration is a
benefit for any country as is usually followed by periods of growth in its
beginning states. Others stand behind their promise that that illegal
immigrants pose a risk to the government and should be removed and follow a
process of legal immigration. Overall, illegal immigration tremendously affects
those that are on the lower economic level. Because of the competitiveness that
illegal immigrants bring, those who are poorly educated and socially placed are
the people who are most vocal in being against illegal immigration. Immigration
is a complicated topic that people view differently depending on their
situation. In the end, every country has laws that need to be followed no
matter what the situation is.