The Neolithic Revolution was the start of a new way of thinking and a widespread transition of hunters and gatherers to agriculture settlers. The Neolithic revolution has a great impact because the settled communities started to experimenting and observing plants to learn how they grew and worked. Which was the beginning of domestic plants. Domestic crops were designed to be depend on humans which was a reliable food source that changed hunters and gatherers to settlers. The Neolithic revolution was one of the most inspirational events in history because of the invention of the wheel, the planting of the first cereal crops and the development of cursive script, mathematics, astronomy and agriculture.
There are many advantages and disadvantages to both hunters/ gathers and settlers. Some advantages to hunter/ gatherers are that they are less likely to get health problems such as obesity, diabetes. Since there is no fast food or any immediate access to food the health problems decrease. Some disadvantages are that there’s is never a guarantee of food. Hunters are known to starve for days since they don’t have agricultural production. But hunters-gatherers are more independent and don’t rely on others for food. They’re not able to store their food and only obtain anything they are able to carry. The biggest disadvantage in agriculture is that people do not limit what they eat and eat more than they should. Since most people do not exercise they
start to develop health issues. Climate is a disadvantage to agriculture since you can’t depend on the same type of plants throughout the whole year but through experiments and observation we were able to pick the best type of plants that will continue growing in harsh weather. Also farming requires more time and hard labor than hunting and gathering does.
After agriculture became the livelihood of the majority of humans, hunters and gatherers held out in many places in the world. People started to farm in Fertile Crescent, a region in the Middle East including modern-day Iraq, Jordan, Syria, Israel, Palestine, southeastern Turkey and western Iran. Which then the new way of farming started to migrate to Asia and Europe. People became so dependent with agriculture that they started building towns and breeding animals in farms. Which eliminated the way of the past. In central Asia, the Sudanic belt south of the Sahara desert in Africa domesticated animals gave rise to pastoralism which is the strongest competitor to agriculture. These areas were not able of supporting dense or large populations. Nomadic herding way of life tended to produces good military skills for survival and to challenge heavily populated agrarian societies in the central, East, South Africa.
Once the Neolithic revolution hit, human communities became differentiated on an occupation basis. Many cultivators would start to exchange their harvest for services and production, such as toolmakers and weavers. Also religious and political leaders come forth who eventually formed different types of classes that became involved in ruling and ceremonies all the time. Each household would craft it’s on tools and weapons it needed, and also produced its own clothing but over time the people with the most skill started to manufacture implements to trade for grain, milk, or meat.
Agriculture is a major component of the United States economy, agriculture production has tripled since the colonial days. But because of this huge increase many factors has arose. Such as the use fertilizers, pesticides, farm machinery, hybrid strains. As farmers become more intensive they are able to produce higher yields with less labor and land. Environmental impacts have increased such as degradation of soil and water resources, which is vital to us. These environmental impacts can be traced back through the history of farming.