The in search of food (a diet that consists

 

The Indian Flying Fox:

 

            Endemic
to places such as Southern Central Asia (from Pakistan to China), the Indian flying
fox lives in tropical forests and swamps, favoring bodies of waters, as well as
banyan and fig trees for habitation. They are very social creatures and can form
roosts up to seven hundred, which are largely male dominated. Their ears are
also relatively small, leading them to rely on a well-developed sense of vision
and smell when foraging, as opposed to echolocation. Since they are nocturnal,
they spend the nighttime in search of food (a diet that consists largely of
figs, mangoes, guava, insects, and flowers) as well as digesting, and
socializing.

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            The
Indian flying fox has a general life span of fifteen to thirty-one years, an
average body length of twenty-three centimeters, and a wingspan of one to one
and one half. They are seasonal breeders and mate generally between July and October.

Their young are cared for by their mothers and can fly at about eleven weeks,
with the mature reproductive age being one and one half. The number of pups
birthed is generally 1-2 per gestation period.

 

African Bush Elephant:

            The
African Bush Elephant can be found in the forests, savannahs, and flood plains
of Central and Southern Africa. It is the largest land animal, with the
capacity to reach twenty-four feet in length, and thirteen feet in height. It
can weight up to eleven tons, and live as long as seventy years. Regarding
their diet, the herbivorous African bush elephant must consume about three
hundred and fifty pounds of vegetation daily.

            Their
trunks have over forty thousand muscles and tendons, which can lift objects
weighing up to four hundred pounds, and are also used for drinking, an act that
involves sucking water into the trunk and then spraying it into the mouth, as
well as for spraying down their backs as an act of body temperature control. Tusks
are present in both genders, and herds consist of related females, lead by the
eldest elephant known as a matriarch. Adult males are rarely present within the
herd, and lives alone until mating season. Females give birth to only one calf,
resulting from the longest known mammalian gestation period of twenty-two months.

           

The Capybara:

            Capybaras
are found in practically every South American country, apart from Chile, in
dense forests near bodies of water such as marshes, rivers, and lakes. The need
for such a water-oriented habitat is due largely to the Capybara’s dry skin, as
it swims often to keep itself healthy and its skin hydrated. Its diet is composed
largely of water plants and grasses, generally eating around dawn and dusk. Capybaras
also enjoy shallow water, which allows them to coat themselves in mud to stay
cool.

            Capybaras
generally live together in groups of ten individuals, with one dominant male, a
few subordinate males, one or more females, as well as several of their young. However,
during the wet season, up to forty of them can be found in one place together. Their
lifespan ranges from ten to twelve years, and they can produce up to eight pups
over a five to six-month gestation period. They are about one hundred to three
hundred centimeters in length and fifty centimeters in height.