Risk identification can be
referred as a procedure an organization uses to determine or identify risks
that may possibly prevent a treatment process, programmes, or investments from
achieving its objectives (Mutetwa, 2015). There are so many tools that can be
used to identify risk in an organization such as Swiss cheese, Delphi Technique
and Root Cause Analysis, among others.
are so many holes are seen in every organizations defence but it’s always very
difficult for these holes to line up accordingly to create a clear way through
the cheese. More so in the same way, there are other factors that contribute
risk within healthcare (American Society for Quality, 2018).
Delphi Technique: This model can be identified as one
the processes that can be used to identify risk in a health and social
organization because health care professionals can be contacted individually
about incidents or perceived risk in the organization and any the information
received will be analyzed and reviewed until an agreement is reached.
Root cause analysis can be seen as a collaborative expression that explains the
many wide range of processes, tools, and systems used to discover the cause of
a problem. Root cause analysis can be used in a particular situation to
identified and determined risk for proper management (American Society for
(Vorley, 2008) define root
cause analysis as a common way of applying different techniques in sequence to
identify, determine and solve underlying cause of any incident.
According to RIDDOR 2013
which states that it’s the duty of the employers and those that are in control
of a working environment of an organization to report and records of every
work-related incidents that may cause death, serious injuries, and investigate
any disease that may occur at work (HSE, 2013).
Due to the nature of this
report and the incident that occurred in the scenario given, the root cause
analysis will be adopted to determine why it happened and the possible way to
prevent such incidents. The highest causes of any accident in an organization
are generally referred as the root cause. The root cause is the deep root at
the bottom of every incident but the best approach is to first identify the
true cause rather than looking for solution like other models. Most models are
generally seen as problem-solving methods, while some simply offer support for
the activities of root cause analysis. Through educations and training most
health and social care organizations are becoming more familiar with the root
cause analysis system, which helps them to be able to apply the appropriate
techniques or tools to address most risk staffs and service users encounter in
the everyday activities of the organization (American Society for Quality,