Question 3According to UNESCO.org, migration is the “crossing of the boundary of a political or administrative unit for a certain minimum period of time. It includes the movement of refugees, displaced persons, uprooted people as well as economic migrants.” Besides, internal migration refers to the movement from one place to another within the country. On the other hand, international migration is a territorial relocation of people between the countries. Throughout the U.S. musical history, I propose the Great Migration, which occurred between 1916 and 1970 as an important musical influence especially on blues and jazz. The Great Migration was the relocation of around six million African-Americans out of the rural Southern U.S. to the urban West, Midwest, and Northeast. As a consequence, African-American voters become a significant force in the politics. In the context of social impacts, the large scale of migration exacerbates existing social tensions in the country. However, migrants help transform the American society and culture by adding in the values of diversity.Having escaped from the racism of the northern and southern states, African-Americans are then inspired by various forms of creativity. During the 1920s and 1930s, the Harlem Renaissance, which is resulted in the Great Migration played a major influence on blues music.To escape racial discrimination, influential blues singers namely Chester Burnett and Muddy Waters migrated from Mississippi to Chicago. As a result, Mississippi blues music style greatly impacts the Chicago blues. This blues music style can be distinguished by the use of harmonica, bass, electric guitar, drums, and a rhythm section. Furthermore, blues shifts from being a rural country music to being played in clubs and modern places. As the Great Migration continues to unfold, the blues tempos and the song lyrics become vibrant and upbeat as African-Americans attain freedom and inspiration in northern cities.In addition, the Great Migration has significantly impacted jazz music. Since the migration leads to employment and prosperity for African-Americans, more people can afford to buy records and enjoy music. Subsequently, this has substantially intensified the growth and expansion of jazz music across the American society. Besides, more jazz musicians have the opportunity to receive a better education and this leads to an improvement and growth in their musical talents. Migration undoubtedly paves the way for the development and creation of music, and new cultures and forms of jazz music have emerged. As a conclusion, the Great Migration is an important historical moment when migration has been impactful. It has also been an important influence throughout U.S. musical history, especially on blues and jazz. As Martin Luther King said, “Jazz speaks for life. The blues tell the story of life’s difficulties — and, if you think for a moment, you realize that they take the hardest realities of life and put them into music, only to come out with some new hope or sense of triumph. This is triumphant music.” These musical genres and development undoubtedly serve as support for African-Americans. Through blues and jazz, these African-American musical styles have then become a fundamental part of American popular music. Question 6 During the late 1940s and early 1950s, rock and roll is a popular music genre that originates in the United States. It evolves from African-American musical styles namely jazz, blues, gospel, rhythm, as well as country music. In the earliest rock and roll styles, either the saxophone or piano is the lead instrument. However, they are then supplemented or replaced by the guitar in the late 1950s. The beat is essentially a blues rhythm with an accentuated backbeat, which is almost always provided by a snare drum. I believe the inclusion of rock and roll in this course would be a significant addition because of its powerful impacts across the politics, social and lifestyle on American society. Beyond merely a musical style, rock and roll has been influenced by various types of musical styles and subsequently, it has paved the way for self-expression, originality, and free thought. Rock and roll allows artists to express their thoughts on political issues and to influence the government. Rock and roll artists are also able to produce music that would essentially unify people from different backgrounds, religions, races, and socio-economic statuses through constant interaction in the community.Besides that, it would be valuable to include rock and roll as one of the genres in the “protest, politics, and cultural revival” materials of this class because it emerges at the beginning of the civil rights movement. Not only does rock and roll most probably pave the way for desegregation, but it also helps both white American and African-American teenagers to identify themselves. Rock and roll also establishes a new form of music that encourages racial collaboration and shared experience. In addition, rock and roll tries to break boundaries by expressing sentiments that people are actually feeling but do not openly discuss or talk about. In most of the early rock and roll songs, they deal with topics such as dating, clothing, and school. However, other themes such as sex that is generally considered taboo begins to emerge in rock and roll music. Most of the time, rock and roll lyrics describe conflicts and incidents that listeners could most probably relate to through personal experience. One of the most famous and influential artists from the rock and roll genre is Elvis Presley, who is also known as “The King of Rock and Roll”. His music was heavily influenced by Christian gospel, Southern country music, and African-American blues. He has an remarkable cultural impact on the American society as his dance moves, clothing, and recordings are regarded as representations of rock and roll. Elvis is one of the few rock and roll artists who are still acknowledged and respected by the American society today. Some of the audience believe that Elvis never died and they believe that if it is not for artist like Elvis that the social scene between whites and blacks would never have consolidated. As a conclusion, the inclusion of rock and roll in this course would be a valuable addition because of its powerful impacts on the American society. Besides paving the way for self-expression, originality, and free thought, it is also considered as the herald of desegregation. Furthermore, rock and roll tries to break boundaries by expressing sentiments that people are actually feeling but do not openly discuss or talk about. Most important, it has produced influential artists such as Elvis Presley who has a remarkable cultural impact on the American society and is still respected by the American society today.