Nowadays, many organizations focus on the concept of “Team” to increase productivity, improve efficiency, and reduce risk. It also enhances the employees’ quality of work life which leads to job satisfaction.
When you hear the word “Team” the first thought comes to your mind a sports team or maybe team of ants or bees. A team is two or more individuals who work together and generate a positive synergy to achieve a goal. In the business world, we have work groups and work teams. A work team has members who work interdependently on a shared goal, and they generate a positive synergy to produce an outcome for their organization. A work group is two or more individuals who are work independently to accomplish his/her own task and may or may not work in the same department. We can recognize there are many fundamental differences between work group and team. From the leadership concept, in the group, there is one leader clearly in charge, but the leadership role in the team is shared among members. Team meetings are more effective where each member shares his or her knowledge, skills to solve problems and to support each other to achieve the team’s goal.
There are four types of teams: problem-solving teams, self-managed work teams, cross-functional team, and virtual teams. Problem-solving teams are traditional and temporary, and the aim of this team is to find the solutions for a specific work problem by collecting and analyzing data in specific time. The second type is Self-managed teams these types of teams are the most empowered because they have the freedom to take decisions on how the job will be done. Regularly, members of this type are the leaders, and they have the authority to choose new team members. The third type is Cross-functional teams who work for the same organization goal but from different departments. The team members of this type come with a varying level of experience and skills which lead to solving problems with high level of creativity. The last type is Virtual teams where members have the ability to meet and communicate digitally with each other rather than face-to-face. The success of this type is depending on the strength of communication and trust among team members.
The success of any organizational environment is depending on the leader to build an effective team. Effective team members share their ideas and knowledge with others, they are using active communication skills, their goals are clear, tasks are distributed equally among them, and they trust and support each other. There is three general category of the effective tram components: Context, Composition, and Process. Work team Context depends on keeping outside resources (the needed data, equipment, and management support), depends on the leader and the agreement among team members from the beginning on what skills need to accomplish the goal, when to meet, and how the team will make the decision. It also depends on the evaluation of individual’s performance and reward system. The work team Composition is when the team is diverse, with less than 10 members, different types of personalities, and have members who can complete each other tasks, this will lead to high performing team. The work team Process where each team have a common purpose and translate it into specific realistic goal create an effective team. Also, conflict sometimes can be beneficial for some tasks and improve the team effectiveness unless it affects the workflow.
The aim of an effective team is to accomplish the main goals that individual cannot do alone. So how the manager can turn individual into a team member? First hiring team players, by knowing: the measure the candidate’s knowledge and skills and check if it’s fit the goal requirement; team harmony, selecting members who can work smoothly with each other and committed to the organization goal; positive personalities who can get things done when difficult situations appear, and also they are a good motivators for the team members. Secondly training team players, as a manager you know your team members and what kind of training they need to improve their performance, by identifying skill gaps for each member that need to be developed, what kind of training suitable for them, choosing the right training methods, also team building activities an effective way to raise challenges among the team members. Finally rewarding team players, the employees who reward for their effective teamwork they provide great synergy with their organization. Manager or leader has to structure team-based rewards which including promotions, raise payment, bonuses, new office or upgraded workspace, and many. These rewards lead the employees to be more productivity, working efficiency, motivated to perform better, and generate loyalty.