Most current ages. Offenders also lack the basic writing,

Most offenders who are incarcerated lack basic education requirements. Without basic education principles, offenders fail to find gainful employment once released. Minimum wage employers require a high school diploma or a general equivalency degree (GED). Once the offender is released without either, employment is scarce or none existing, therefore, increasing the risk of offender recidivism. The basic purpose of education is the development of well-being. The goal of incarceration is to rehabilitate an offender for restoration to useful and lawful citizenship. The Nation Institution of Justice has indicated that offender education is the most effective service to reduce recidivism. The goal of incarceration is preparing the offender for low post-release revocation possibilities, and to enhance rehabilitation efforts for offenders in the prison system. However, vocational training is considered an optional element during incarceration. Adult basic education is sometimes a requirement for underage offenders or offenders who have special stipulations added to their sentences from the judicial courts. Offenders are given the choice to decide if they would like to participate in adult education programs, but they are not required.Characteristically, offenders are an undereducated subgroup to the general population. Often time, offenders are incarcerated with lower and no reading levels for their current ages. Offenders also lack the basic writing, and mathematical skills required to obtain gainful employment. Vocational training in prison could include GED, literacy classes, community college course, free Bible courses, as well as book clubs. The classes are free and are required by state law to be taught by licensed educators. The goals of these classes are to teach offenders how to read, write, and achieve basic math skills to use once they are released. The importance of programs, such as GED and ABE classes, is to advance offenders enough to obtain a diploma or a GED during imprisonment or once released. Without a GED or diploma, post-release issues become an ever-present problem attempting to find employment in order to reduce their chances of returning to prison. The odds of obtaining gainful employment after release are minimal; however, for offenders who do take advantage of GED and ABE classes their chance increase slightly. The denial of employment and the ban on licensure for driving automobiles creates a new set of issues for offenders who are newly released. It is a challenge for convicted felons without formal education to obtain stable employment, unfortunately leading offenders back down the path to prison. Then, offenders are reliant on illegal activities and untrustworthy situations to meet everyday needs. These skills are early translated into a career that would reduce recidivism trends such as theft, robbery, grand larceny, and intent to distribute illegal substances. Some jobs that offenders can obtain once release are environmental services, maintenance, construction, food services, and automobile mechanics. Other employment statuses such as entrepreneurship could also reduce recidivism. Cosmetology, barbering, and restaurateur occupations serve as gateways to reduce recidivism for offenders who receive basic education skills while incarcerated.