Lucy the rest of her life. Additionally, she was

Lucy Higgs Nichols got her freedom in
1862 by running from her master with her daughter to the 23rd Regiment.  When her master came looking for her, the Soldiers
of the Regiment protected her and her baby from him and in return Lucy became a
nurse and stayed with the Regiment for the entire war.  According to Indiana University-Purdue
University Indianapolis (IUPUI) “She participated in at least 28 battles,
including the siege of Vicksburg; the capture of Jackson, Mississippi.”  “Lucy remained with the regiment in Thompson
Hill, Raymond, Champion Hill, the capture of Jackson, Mississippi, she marched
in Sherman’s raid, the pursuit of Confederate General Hood in Georgia and
Alabama, and she fought in the regiment’s last battle in Bentonville, NC in
1865.  She was with the regiment when it
was mustered out in Washington, D.C. and she went with the men when they
returned to the New Albany, Indiana area.” 
(Janesville Daily Gazette)  In addition to her nursing, she worked as a
cook, servant, and was the only women who served with the 23rd
Regiment.  Additionally, she participated
in Decoration Day programs, state encampments and marched with the regiment in


Congress passed an act allowing Civil War nurses to receive compensation, Lucy
applied for a pension in which she was later denied.  She continued to petition Congress along with
55 veterans and after 6 years, Congress soon agreed and granted Lucy with a $12
a month pension for the rest of her life. 
Additionally, she was recognized for her valor during the “War of the
Rebellion.”Lucy Higgs Nichols became an honorary member of the major Union
veterans’ organization in the Sanderson Post of the Grand Army of the Republic
(G.A.R.).  She also has public exhibits
displays today in The Carnegie Center for Art and History, Remembered:  The Life of Lucy Higgs Nichols; and at the Veterans
Plaza, both located in Albany, Indiana.

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