Babylon, during the era of 1792 BCE, a man by the name of Hammurabi conquered
this area and its people (Cole and Symes, 16). While, he ruled Babylon he decided
to create a collection of commandments to dictate to his followers (Cole and Symes,16).
The set of laws established Hammurabi’s power
and leadership. The Code of Hammurabi of Hammurabi was the legislation put in
place to form the roots of the society of Babylon (Cole and Symes,17). The laws
also were the basis for the peoples’
societal values (Cole and Symes, 17).
professed a total of 282 commandments which were written in cuneiform that
regulated if any offenses were to occur, then the consequences were put in
effect. For example, “If a
man accuses another man and charges him with homicide, but cannot bring proof
against him, his accuser shall be killed” (Cole
and Symes, 18). Based on my observations, at the very top of the eight-foot
stone statue sits Hammurabi on his throne to take power of Babylon. He created
these laws for his people, but also for the generations that would discover
this artifact. I find it very interesting how Hammurabi made these laws, but no
one knew how to read or write.
Code of Hammurabi has left a lasting impact for historians, and other people, but
most importantly for the history books. Without, this massive artifact we
probably would not have known how Hammurabi controlled his people or what type
of order was established. Within, the laws it was very evident how women agreed
with some of the laws that were made. Some of the laws safeguarded them from
men, as well as, the ones that they married (Cole and Symes, 17). Also, Hammurabi
created a class division in terms of the roles his followers were given while
he was ruling Babylon, such as slaves, noblemen (Cole and Symes, 17). Unfortunately,
Hammurabi only lived to see eight years of his rule, but his empire remained to
hold onto Babylon for as long as they could, but was overruled by enemy
intruders, yet Babylon will always remain to be prominent for many years to come (Cole and Symes, 17).
have had the absolute pleasure of studying the Code of Hammurabi through
different classes I have taken, and each time I discover something new that I had
never noticed before. I am amazed by how the artifact is so well preserved, as
well as, the scripture inscribed on the stone column. I believe this arifact is
the key to fully understanding King Hammurabi and his demeanour while declaring
these has the law of the lands and people he ruled. I am still curious about
where this stone column was located within Babylon, and how were they able to
find such a huge stone to inscribe all these laws. Since, we live in the 21st
century, maybe historians and archaeologists will re-visit this area if
possible to further understand more about Babylon and its once ruling King Hammurabi,
and discover new artifacts and evidence.