Karl Marx has contributed
in many different ways. Some of which are in the forms of materialist
conception, production and circulation processes of industrial capitalism, and
economic theory (Gurley, 1984). Marx has contributed to theories that have
strong relevance to life today and some that are not so relevant currently.
Here we will discuss his three major contributions to social theory and their
impact on societies.
Karl Marx’s first major contribution to social theory was
establishing a conflict model of the social systems. This theory suggests that
instead of society being viewed based off of a consensus, it is actually the domination
of a powerful class over a peripheral class. It has been found that all
previous societies have struggles for dominance of the classes, and it is
through these struggles that sociocultural change can occur. This conflict is
at the root of historical process that brings forth change. Although we have
repeated this conflict for dominance over difference rankings of class it
continues to happen in current society. This dominance comes in the forms of lower
wages, exploitation, and negligent safety laws that effect consumers, workers
and the environment.
The second contribution that is of significance is Marx locating
the root that is social power which is in the ownership or authority of the
forces of production (Elwell, 2016). This is also known as the means of
production. Marx’s claim was that what it is that is being created, how it is
being created and how it is being exchanged on the market effects the
production of economic goods. The way that both men and women relate to each other
to survive by gaining the necessary resources. This situation effects the whole
sociocultural system because we all have the same primary interests as humans
which would be food, water, shelter and protecting our own. Society is a result
of struggles between classes and that social change is not so much evolutionary
as it is revolutionary (Aregbesola, 2012).
His third contribution is within his examination of
capitalism and its outcomes on workers, on capitalists, and on the system of sociocultural
entirely (Elwell, 2016). This system was rising and evolving quickly. Since Marx
was able to figure the origin, structure, and how it worked, he was also able
to predict with accuracy how it would evolve. With his predictions he was able
to make inferences on what would be effected and how that effect may look.
By reviewing Karl Marx’s contributions, this shows how
much he has contributed to the social sciences as a whole and not just social theory.
Though these three contributions are of great importance and still have very
much relevance to this day as our own sociocultural is changing very rapidly
due to advances in resources and technology.