In wrong religion, nor can he refuse to print

In the United States, whether something is illegal discrimination depends on whether the person refused service is a member of a protected class. Because of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, no business in the US offering services to the public can discriminate based on race, color, religion, sex, familial status, or national origin. There are other similar laws that apply to discrimination based on age, disability, and veteran status.The problem is more complex than the soundbites make it appear. The respondent in this case, the Colorado Civil Rights Commission, argues that the baker’s refusal to provide a service for two gay customers is a clear-cut violation of the state’s law against discrimination on the basis of orientation.”The couple he refused to serve, David Mullins and Charlie Craig, filed civil rights charges. They said they had been demeaned and humiliated as they sought to celebrate their union”. Mr Phillips states that making a custom, commissioned cake is a creative work and does not fall into the same category as the straightforward sale of a premade product that’s bought off the shelf. There’s considerable precedent in favor of the petitioner’s argument. For example, the courts have long held that anti-discrimination laws can’t be used to force publishers or printers to create a product. If you run a print shop, you’re completely in the clear if you refuse to print materials whose message you find objectionable. This applies even when only members of a protected class would ask you to print such material. For example, a Christian printer can refuse to print a brochure that endorses religious messages he disagrees with. He can’t refuse to print materials simply because the customer is the wrong religion, nor can he refuse to print something for a Muslim or Jew that he would print for a Christian customer. Imagine that Bob is a straight man who walks into the petitioner’s bakery and orders a wedding cake for his friends Adam and Steve, a gay couple who are getting married. The baker knows Bob is straight, but he refuses to bake a cake with Adam’s and Steve’s names on it. Our moral intuitions about what a business owner should do are not always the best guides for how the law should