In the post-reconstruction era, W.E.B. DuBois and Booker T. Washington who were both prominent people of color had substantially different ideas and plans to develop and support the roles of African Americans throughout the nation. Washington, who was born a slave in Virginia, believed that African Americans would be able to gain class and status in society through industrial education and hard work to provide a stable income and respect for themselves, which in turn would hold a stronger position to achieve civil rights. Opposingly DuBois, a man born free in Massachusetts with a good financial status, thinks that African Americans will not succeed or make progress within society if political and civil rights are not granted to them. The beliefs of W.E.B. DuBois have an ineffective route to give African Americans political and civil power in the United States because without the process of gaining respect and integrating into a white-dominated society as Washington views as necessary, the laws that are made to serve people of color will sit idle and not hold enough power to be acted upon.Booker T. Washington, who experienced a first-hand account of the injustices that faced African Americans as he was formerly enslaved, thought that the way to equality was through hard work and an industrial education. Washington believed that this was the right path to obtaining civil equality for African Americans because he grew up in the South where the majority of whites did not advocate equal rights for all. With his background and knowledge concerning the behavior of a large part of the country, he devised a plan that would slowly but surely give African Americans a better chance at securing more civil rights. Washington’s says initially that they should not “underestimate the importance of cultivating friendly relations with the Southern white man, who is their next-door neighbour… ‘Cast down your bucket where you are’ -cast it down in making friends in every manly way of the people of all races by whom we are surrounded” (Washington 1740). With this view, Washington suggests that people of color in the South should stay in their familiar space developing themselves and not relocate to an area where civil rights are more equalized. He explains if African Americans continue to leave the South, then rights will never be granted for the few that stay because the lack of integration into society leads to an absence of respect on their behalf. And furthermore, without “cultivating friendly relations” with the people of the South, those people do not feel as if they have a reason to support rights for African Americans (Washington 1740). Washington’s idea of progress on rights was integrating into society while obtaining an industrial education to gain an economic foothold to support oneself. Washington then states “Our greatest danger is that in the great leap from slavery to freedom we may overlook the fact that the masses of us are to live by the productions of our hands, and fail to keep in mind that we shall prosper in proportion as we learn to dignify and glorify common labour and put brains and skill into the common occupations of life” (Washington 1740). He attempts to remind African Americans of their origins as slaves and notes they have lived by the productions of their hands so continue that labor that they are knowledgeable about to go further in life. Washington also warns that freedoms may cause former slaves to forget their past when they should be utilizing the skills they learned to grow into society.Works CitedDuBois, W.E.B. The Souls of Black Folk. 1903. The Heath Anthology of American Literature. Ed. Paul Lauter. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2004. 1749-1762. Print.Washington, Booker Taliaferro. Up from Slavery. 1901. Heath Anthology of American Literature. Ed. Paul Lauter. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2004. 1736-1746. Print.