Imagine 2000). According to the Freeth’s lecture (2017), the

being different from the whole society and that not everyone understands (how
you feel). Autism is not yet to be understood fully. Due to the matter, there
is lack of resources and services to help cater these people. This is because its
discovery is relatively new as compared to other mental disorders such as
depression. Based on a lecture by Megan Freeth (2017), autism was first
discovered in 1943 and its understanding constantly changes ever since. Autism
was first described as a disorder for a person that has difficulties in social
interaction and communication (Kanner, 1943, as cited in Gillham, Carter,
Volkmar, & Sparrow, 2000). According to the Freeth’s lecture (2017), the
symptoms for autism according to the DSM-5 now is described with continuous
social communication and interaction disabilities which would include
social-emotional reciprocity impairment, nonverbal interaction deficits and
inability to maintain and/or develop relationships. Apart from that, it also
includes the restricted repetitive patterns of behaviours, interests and/or
activities. For instance, fixed interests, repetitive behaviours and used of
objects, hyperactivity to sensory inputs, and excessive adherence to certain
habits. However, the idea of autism is nothing like a disability nor is it a
disorder. It is a more common condition that one in every hundred people will
have. Therefore, in this essay there will be discussions on the importance of
this research topic as well as its impacts socially, economically, as well as

on the Freeth’s and colleagues’ research (2013), the autistic traits differs
between different groups of people. It was found that males and science
students tend to have higher scores of autistic traits. Apart from that, it was
found that the eastern side of the world tend to have higher autistic scores as
compared to the western side of the world. It was found that Indians scored
highest in imaginations, and Malaysians have the highest in attention switching
(Freeth, Sheppard, Ramachandran, & Milne, 2013). The reason to this could
be due to the cultural differences. Westerners are typically more self-centred whereas
Easterners are more situation-centred because of that they are more influenced
by cultural beliefs. However, even though the eastern cultures have higher
autistic scores, both eastern countries scored higher in communication and
social skills (Freeth, Sheppard, Ramachandran, & Milne, 2013). The findings
contradict with the typical stigma of being autistic. Therefore, proves that
the study to understand autism is vital.

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