How he learns can be shared with others.Opening chapter/first

How might the title relate to the text? What does it suggest? Why might the author have chosen it over any other title?The simple title of Faust relates to how he sees himself as the most important person in his life, and how he does not acknowledge how what he learns can be shared with others.Opening chapter/first few pages: Summarize how the book begins (beginning chapter, scene, etc.).  What effect do the opening pages create? What purpose did the author have in beginning the work this way?Faust begins with a lengthy preface on the methods that Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe used when creating the interpretation.  Goethe states that many interpretations have been done incorrect due to laziness, but his interpretation will be very accurate and correct.  The preface informs the reader on what Goethe’s attitude for the book will be.  Goethe demonstrates his serious tone through the preface.Setting, time, place, situation (may be one or more; must do this for each one) actual geographic location, physical arrangement of rooms; the time period, history, or seasons in which the action takes place; general environment of characters (for example, the religious, mental, moral, social, and/or economic conditions). The setting is Leipzig, a city in Germany. Faust’s study is very messy and a rather small, narrow Gothic chamber. The time period is somewhere between 1772-1775. The season is spring as it takes place in April. Religiously, Faust is a devout believer in God as he was chosen as a representative of God to be tested on, and mentally, Faust battles feelings of truth and discovery of knowledge, and socially, Faust is quite isolated as he is usually in his study or in his thoughts even though many people praise and want to converse because he is a physician, and economically, he is quite wealthy as he and his father were both physicians and greatly praised. For Mephistopheles, religiously, he worships and serves Satan and wants to challenge God to test a human’s faith in God, and mentally, Mephistopheles is conflicted between trying to help warn Faust and serving the Devil and carrying out his will, and morally, he is very base and tries to use trickery and deception to do what he needs to do. For Margaret, spiritually, she is a firm believer in God and goes to church often, and mentally she battles feelings of insecurity in beauty, and morally she tries to do the right thing as she is pure, and socially she lives in a small, peasant village and has father, her brother is off at war, and is only acquainted by her mother and Martha, and economically she is very poor and a peasant. Characters:  List major characters of book and include the following for each:Conflicts (internal or external) that motivate and shape the character2 or 3 words (key personality traits) that characterize each person (example: ambitious, lonely, overprotected)Faust is defined by his search for knowledge and how his mind will never rest until it understands the universe this, in turn, leads to his disconnect with the common man and how he feels that he is different from every other person. Observant, sensible, intelligentMephistopheles is not actually Satan himself, he is a servant of him, and secretly, he battles internal conflicts of wanting to help to warn  Faust before he gets himself into something horrific, and serving the Devil. Deceptive, wise, and powerfulMargaret is a poor but pure and spiritual girl who is conflicted in how Faust wishes to court her and how often times being ‘holy’ isn’t beneficial to your  worldly life and the possessions you could obtain.  Pure, Untainted, innocentMartha appears to be easily swayed, and very worldly in her life as she values material possessions. She seems to be conflicted over her husband’s death, not because he is gone, merely  because he left her no money, a problem she sets out to fix by flirting with Mephistopheles.Impure, selfish, flirtatious Point of view: Which point of view is used (1st-person narrator; 3rd-person limited; 3rd-person omniscient; etc.)? The point of view that the author, von Goethe, utilizes throughout the entire work resembles third-person omniscient, but because the book is written in the style of a play, a point of view is not present.What is the main conflict? With which character is it most directly concerned? What other characters are involved?The main conflict is the choice to repent or escape the wrath of the town and the Lord due to the series of calamities Faust inspired Margaret to commit.  Margaret was first given a sleeping potion by Faust so that they could get into bed together without her mother knowing; however, the poCommentary on plot, etc.For each character: what values did each hold, and what purpose did each character have in the book? Also, how did the society of the book influence each character?Faust- Faust holds values of: courage, education, curiosity, independence, and growth.Mephistopheles-As a character, he is very rebellious and values rebellion and spends much of his time undermining the society around him. Margaret – As Margaret is seen as the purest of the characters she values good deeds, hard work, and strong religious values, something that becomes more and more apparent as Faust and Mephistopheles lead her astray.Martha – As the parallel to Mephistopheles, Martha values worldly possessions and things that appear to have monetary value Plot:Summarize the plot (This should be short!  50 words or fewer) Construct a plot diagram (Freytag’s Pyramid) for the entire story (complete once you’ve finished the book). Identify the inciting event, each of the conflicts/ complications, the climax, and the resolutionList any parallel or recurring events you see (example: In All Quiet on the Western Front, the narrator, Paul Baümer, frequently discusses contrasting images of death and destruction versus nature and beauty).Recurring events include Mephistopheles constantly joking and making fun of Faust whether it be because he is in love or if Faust can’t grasp the concepts of being bad and immoral.Another parallel event is that Mephistopheles often portrays a weaker side of himself to try to trick people in believing he can be trustworthy and isn’t truly capable of great mischief.Faust’s downward spiral is constantly encouraged by Mephistopheles, and we see Faust slowly lose his inhibitions and morality as he turns to selfishness and sin.See if you can make a connection between this work and another story with similar plot line or similar characters, etc.When Faust makes a deal with Mephistopheles, Mephistopheles asks for blood and paper to seal their contract and Faust reacts with disdain about how trust alone was not present, like how Brutus in Caesar blunty pointed out how a paper alliance was not needed.The biblical story of Adam and Eve relates to the story character-wise.  Faust often tempts Margaret with temptations in the name of love and with Mephistopheles’ devilish advice, like how Eve, with the help of the Devil serpent, tells Adam to eat the Forbidden Fruit because she knows he was also curious about its taste.  Reluctantly, Margaret, like Adam, accepts such gifts and opportunities and eventually both lovers face conflicts with each other, each solely aware of the Lord’s potential judgement upon them.  There is a connection with Romeo and Juliet because Faust killed Margaret’s brother and because of that, Margaret believes she cannot be with Faust. Also, there is the feeling that their love is forbidden because if Margaret joins Faust, she would be poisoning her innocent and pure soul to join Faust and go to Hell. About the conclusion–was it a satisfactory ending to the work? Why/why not? If not, how would you have ended the work, and why?Due to Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe later writing a second part to the book, the ending leaves the possibility of a longer storyline for Faust and Mephistopheles. Despite this, Von Goethe gives the book a strong ending point by resolving the main conflict with Margaret’s “redemption” and her acceptance of the consequences caused by her sin. Memorable lines/scenes (minimum of 6 lines-3 for A, 3 for B)Write down any memorable lines from the book that you liked or that illustrated important ideas in the work. Write commentary on these—why is each memorable and how does it enhance the meaning of the work?”O happy he, who still renews, The hope, from Error’s deeps to rise forever! That which one does not know, one needs to use; And what one knows, one uses never” (pg 28)In this passage Faust examines his thirst for knowledge and identifies it as a need to understand the world and escape the day to day toil. Despite this he acknowledges that muck of what he has learned is worthless and that he will never know everything and he will always have more to learn.”My peace is gone, My heart is sore, I never shall find it, Ah nevermore!” (von Goethe 165)Margaret, the main female protagonist, describes her internal conflict as she projects her mixed emotions in a soliloquy. The style of the soliloquy is unique as it appears only once in the story, as Margaret attempts to understand her feelings for Faust. This entire chapter dedicated to Margaret’s inner thoughts enhances the story in a way that allows the audience to better comprehend her situation with Faust. Find quotations that illustrate the writer’s skill in establishing mood/tone, imagery, symbolism, and characterization.”She plucks a star-flower, and pulls off the leaves, one after the other.” (von Goethe 149)Margaret is represented as this religious flower of innocence, the star-flower.  This plucking may either show her strong trust in God’s will to show to her through nature his plan for her, whether Faust was meant for her adding comedy of child-like innocence to the dark mood of indecisiveness and caution.  The falling petals can also be shown to symbolize Margaret’s loss of innocence and the rising room for doubts within her, foreshadowing her internal conflicts portrayed in the later chapters, further developing her character’s significance and role as an essence of purity.”This drear, accursed masonry, Where even the welcome daylight strains but duskly through the painted panes. Hemmed in by many a toppling heap of books worm-eaten, gray with dust, Which to the vaulted ceiling creep… ” (von Goethe 3)The excerpt describes Faust’s workplace, whose claustrophobic and dreary state presents itself clearly to the reader through von Goethe’s use of imagery. “Strains”, “hemmed in”, and “creep” “The night with the mist is black; Hark! How the forests grind and crack! Frightened, the owlets are scattered. The evergreen palaces are shaking! Boughs are groaning and breaking, The tree-trunks terribly thunder, The roots are twisting asunder! … ” (con Goethe 206)Theme and other abstract ideasWhat are the major themes of the work? Provide a short phrase for each theme.No one is strong or smart enough to resist temptation.Moral integrity should never be compromised in one’s pursuit of wealth or pleasures.How is each theme portrayed in the book? (Example: In All Quiet on the Western Front, the theme of alienation is shown through Paul’s inability to communicate with his parents and connect with people back home.)Faust’s slow fall from grace through small sinful acts that are intended to win over Margaret.Faust and Margaret have the dilemma that while god’s path is holy the devil’s path is full of temptation and will make them happier in their present situations.What was the author’s purpose in writing this book?Does the author use imagery, symbolism, allusions, etc. to develop his/her themes? How?Mephistopheles is shown to use mythological allusions to enhance the allure of temptation with envied divinity. When Faust drinks the witch’s potion, Mephistopheles illustrates the effects as seeing every woman as Hera, one of the three goddesses of incredible beauty.  When Faust sees Margaret in chains, Mephistopheles attempts to pull his attention away by labeling her as a trap: a Medusa in the disguise if any man’s lover.When in doubt of Faust’s loyalty and sincere lover for her, Margaret is shown innocently plucking a star flower.  This flower symbolizes Margaret’s faith because it stands for purity with its white color as well as deep faith in God.  The jewelry box and it’s gems represent a form of temptation often seen in this story, from the first three attempts to gift Margaret and in a description of happiness in accordance to Mephistopheles and at the “orgy” at the tower of witches.  The tower of witches StyleDescribe how the author’s overall style and pick several examples that illustrate it (and pick 2 different but complementary words to describe the style).The author’s overall style of the book is dependent on rhyme and connections between characters and images.  Faust always talks to Mephistopheles in an ABAB rhyme scheme.  When Faust is finally alone, he loses this rhyme scheme and speaks in prose.  He returns to speaking with the ABAB rhyme scheme when Mephistopheles enters his forest and cavern.  This shows how Faust depends on Mephistopheles to speak in his ABAB rhyme scheme and it is not natural for Faust.  Von Goethe’s style is also very dependent on connections.  All of the images included in the book have parts that are all connected.  The image on page 169 has beads that connect the lady’s arms to the bottom line.   This literally connects the entire image to not have separate parts.  All of the characters in Faust are connected.  All of the characters are connected by either friendships, familial relationships, or romantic relationships.How does the author’s diction, grammar, sentence structure, organization, point of view, detail, syntax, and irony enhance the meaning of the work and show his/her attitude?Von Goethe uses songs and soliloquies to show deeper feelings of the characters to the reader.  Margaret realizes the true impact of Faust’s actions in her only soliloquy or song.  Another way Von Goethe enhances the meaning of the book is by using a specific rhyme scheme for each character’s speech.  Rhyme scheme is mainly ABAB and ABBA throughout the book.  When Faust is around Mephistopheles, he always speaks with an ABAB rhyme scheme.  In Chapter twenty three, the rhyme scheme is broken and Von Goethe begins to write in prose.  This change in writing style is very important because it shows the power of Faust in front of Mephistopheles.  The rhyme scheme enhances the book because it provides rhythm and it shows when a character is comfortable or not by the change in their speech.  When characters like Faust are comfortable in their situation, they break their rhyme scheme.  The rhyme scheme of Faust allows Von Goethe to indirectly reveal characteristics about the character, therefore enhancing the meaning of the work.