For disciplined design and execution, but with each new

For a score of centuries, artists enriched Western society with their works of astonishing beauty. Master after master, from Leonardo, to Rembrandt, to Bierstadt, produced works that inspired, uplifted, and deepened us. They did this by demanding of themselves the highest standards of excellence, improving upon the work of each previous generation of masters, but most importantly the continuation to aspire to the highest quality attainable through the mastery of skill. In the late 19th century, impressionist artists challenged the notions of classical standards. The first modernists initiated aesthetic relativism, the whole idea that “beauty is in the eye of the beholder”. The first generation of impressionist artists produced work of genuine merit and were met with great success. Artists like Monet, Renoir, and Degas still maintained elements of disciplined design and execution, but with each new generation the value of standards and skill declined until there were none and all that was left was personal expression. Nowadays, the idea of a universal standard of quality and skill in art is met with strong resistance. How can art be objectively measured? And can art be, in fact, taught?
The fact of the matter is that while it might not be obvious at first, lots of the great art today is based upon the importance of universal standards of skill thats also combined with artistic relativism. Therefore, the most valuable element that makes art successful is the application of techniques and skill in order to create a piece of work that allows the artist to express their creativity with clear and well executed intentions.
Skill is not simply a stiff set of rules that are taught and applicable to the works of any artist. There is in fact an expanded notion of skills that isn’t only about the manual skill or craft related skills, but also includes elements such as intellectual skills and intersubjective skills. Especially with contemporary art, like the successful artists Andy Warhol, Jeff Koons, and Can Fei, lots of the works actually require certain commercial, technological, and managerial skills. A typical example of “unskilled” art would be “Fountain” by Marcel Duchamp, while it might seem like an unoriginal display of an everyday object, there are actually multiple skills Marcel executed with in the process of making the piece. It wouldn’t be perceived as one of the most influential works of the 20th century if it had just been a dumb gesture or a prank of unskilled labour. The work was created in 1917 when Marcel Duchamp went to a manufacturing company, bought the toilet, turned it ninety degrees, signed it, and dated it. For centuries until the 1870s, the primary form of representation in Europe involved single-point perspective, which mimicked the way the human eyes see the world. Duchamp challenged this notion not only in this piece but also in his previous works such as taking a bicycle wheel and fitting it onto a stool. Although both wheel and stool were familiar objects, combining the two involved the artist’s intervention. By isolating an object from its practical function and presenting it in a location where it would be executed in a very different fashion, Duchamp was challenging the contextual nature of meaning. 
This is what Duchamp called “readymade”. One of the ways that we can think about what art is, is a kind od transformation of ordinary materials into something really wonderful that transports us and makes us see things in a new way. Although he didn’t make anything, he is asking us to see the urinal in a new way. Not necessarily as an aesthetic object, but to make us ask the philosophical questions about what art is and what the artist does. He does not separate  craftsmanship and 
At the same time, we can also examine the significance of artistic skills in the past. Since the Renaissance, skill has been the primary component of an artists’ education and also a means to realizing an artist’s vision, imagination, and creative impulse. Before the invention of photography, it was a representation of the external world frozen in time. Any of the great artists of the western tradition from Michelangelo to Monet to Picasso are all examples of extraordinary skill. Take the Sistine Chapel ceiling as an example, the first thing that anyone is drawn to is Michelangelo’s delicately painted human figures that look almost photographically real. This was the basic foundation that inspired the artwork’s enormity in spiritual depth, which essentially made it a successful piece. will insert here a more in-depth analysis of “The Sistine Chapel ceiling” later on The imposing figure of God in the three frescoes illustrating the separation of darkness from light and the creation of the heavens and the earth radiates power throughout his body, and his dramatic gesticulations help to tell the story of Genesis without the addition of extraneous detail. Michelangelo’s fresco decorations on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel had a profound effect on other painters, even before they were completed. Almost every single element of Michelangelo’s design was later imitated: including the illusionist architecture, the muscular human anatomy, the dynamic sense of motion, the bright radiant color scheme and the expressiveness of the figure drawing. Michelangelo was only able to achieve this success following this work of art by studying and practicing the basic skills of art for years and years in order to truly master it.
An artist needs intelligence, curiosity, and the ability to constantly seek the unknown. Skill is a means to realizing an artist’s vision, imagination, and creative impulse. Skill is not something that just is but instead is a somewhat ever evolving process, involving learning. The worlds of music, writing and science celebrate technical proficiency. While skill is obviously not the only element that makes great art, but the more skill you have will lead to the greater range of artistic expression. If doesn’t have a certain set of basic skills then he or she will never be able to transfer their inner vision into the canvas or whatever substance. A certain structure is required. Simply imagine what would happen if musicians suddenly decided to forget structure of melodies and rhythms or if writers decided to forget spelling and grammar.