China the BEV and PHEV stock in China from

China

In 2016, the government of China provides purchase subsidy
for vehicles at the national level as shown in Table
7.

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Table 7. Purchase subsidy for EVs in China in 2016 26

Vehicle type

Purchase subsidy (RMB1/car)

EV

100-150 km driving range

25,000

150-250 km driving range

45,000

Over 250 km driving range

55,000

PHEV (Over 50 km driving range

30,000

FCV

200,000

 

These
subsidies are supposed to decrease by 20% through 2017 and 2018 and by 40%
through 2019 and 2020 26.
In China, there is also a possible local
subsidy within the limit of 50% of the amount granted via central subsidies.
Other incentives such as access to bus lanes, free parking, and free charging are available at a local level 19.

China provides a subsidy
of 4 million RMB for the installation of new HRSs 27.  China
aims to deploy, 4.3 million private charging outlets, 0.5 million public
chargers for cars and 850 intercity quick-charge stations by 2020 19.
To do that, the government subsidizes the
construction of charging stations through municipalities 19.

As of March
2017, there is only 1 HRS in China 27. This table shows the number of charging points
in China from 2014 to 2016.

Table 8. Number of charging points in China
(2014-2016) 19

Year

2014

2015

2016

Publicly accessible slow chargers

21000

46657

52778

Publicly accessible fast chargers

9000

12101

88476

Total

30000   

58758

141254

 

As of March
2017, there are approximately 60 FCVs in China 27. Table
9
shows the BEV and PHEV stock in China from 2012 to 2016.

Table 9. BEV and PHEV stock in China (2012-2016) 19

year

Number of BEVs and PHEVs (thousands)
 

2012

16.88 (95%
BEV, 5% PHEV)

2013

32.22  )95%
BEV, 5% PHEV)

2014

105.39  )75%
BEV, 25% PHEV)

2015

312.77 )72%
BEV, 28% PHEV)

2016

648.77 )74%
BEV, 26% PHEV)

 

Table
10 shows China’s target for FCV and HRSs through
2030.

Table 10. China’s target for FCV
and HRSs through 2030 28

Year

2020

2025

2030

FCVs

5,000 FCVs in demonstration, among which 60% are FC commercial
vehicles and 40% are FC passenger cars

50,000 FCVs in service, among which 10,000 units are FC commercial
vehicles, and 40,000 units are FC passenger cars

Over one million FCVs in service

HRSs

Over 100 stations

Over 300 stations

Over 1,000 stations, and 50+% hydrogen production from renewable
resources

 

China’s target for the number of
electric vehicles is three million by 2020 and 14 million by 2025 22.

Germany

The subsidy for the purchase of a
BEV as well as a FCV is EUR2
4,000. This amount is shared between the
government and the carmaker. This means that the
sales contract must indicate that the carmaker has reduced the car price by
half of the overall incentive amount (EUR 2,000), and then the owner can apply
for the second half of the incentive 29.
The limit for this support is 400 000
cars until 2020 or EUR 600 million  19. The government also
provides incentives in the form of tax exemption, free parking and access to
bus lines 19.

As of April 2017, Germany has 33
constructed hydrogen refueling stations, 12 under construction and 10 in
application process 30.
Table
11 shows the number of charging points in Germany.

Table 11. Number of charging
points in Germany 19

Year

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

Publicly accessible slow chargers

1500                                                      

2400

2606

4787

16550

Publicly accessible fast charger s

18                                                          

47

317

784

1403

Total

1518                                                      

2447

2923

5571

17953

 

Table
12
shows the Number of FCVs in Germany from 2013 to 2017.

Table 12. Number of FCVs in Germany 30

Year (beginning of)

Number of FCVs
 

2013

288

2014

295

2016

333

2016

399

2017

477

 

Table
13
shows BEV and PHEV stock in Germany from 2012 20 2016.

Table 13. BEV and PHEV stock in Germany (2012-2016)
19

year

Number of BEVs and PHEVs (thousands)
 

2012

5.26  (70% BEV, 30% PHEV)

2013

12.19  (75% BEV, 25% PHEV)

2014

24.93 (70% BEV, 30% PHEV)

2015

48.12 (62% BEV, 38% PHEV)

2016

72.73  (562% BEV, 44% PHEV)

 

The development of HRSs in Germany is supported by H2 Mobility which is a joint venture
between six industrial partners 31.
This program is pursued in three phases:

·        
Phase 0: enhancing R
and demonstration activities;

·        
Phase 1: market preparation
and validation;

·        
Phase 2: attracting
external investors.

Government is planning to invest 300 million euros in
extending the network of fast-recharging stations 32.
The estimated numbers of cars and HRS announced in 2012 33

Table
14
shows HRS and FCV deployment for the H2-Mobility roll-out plan in Germany
through 2030.

Table 14. HRS and
Car deployment for the H2-Mobility roll-out plan in Germany through 2030
33

year

2020

2030

Number of FCVs (thousands)

150

1,800

Number of HRSs

400

1000

 

In more recent
publications, a target of 400 HRSs for 2023 is announced 34.
The German Federal Government has the target of putting one million electric
vehicles on the road by 2020 and possibly
reaching over five million by 2030 35.
In a report published by Republic of Korea ministry of environment 23,
the FCV target for Germany was mentioned
as 650,000 by 2025 and 1.8 million by 2030 which seems optimistic considering
the current number of FCVs in Germany.

1
Exchange rate for Chinese Yuan in December 6th, 2017 is 1 RMB ~ 0.15
USD

2
Exchange rate for Euro in December 6th, 2017 is 1 EUR ~ 1.18 USD