Cancer chemicals that have been found to cause changes

Cancer is any growth in the body that is from the division of irregular cells. Cancer can be seen in almost every part of the body. It can be found in your brain all the way down to your toes. Cancer can be found in all these places because of its ability to travel through the bloodstream and infect other parts of the body. Common symptoms of cancer are a cough, change in bathroom patterns, blood in feces, unexpected anemia, trouble swallowing, and rapid weight loss. Many factors in your environment can cause cancer. One of the most common environmental factors comes from tobacco. Even if you are not a active tobacco user, people in your surroundings that use tobacco can affect you just as bad as if you used tobacco. Another common cause is exposure to radiation. Radiation is a powerful factor that corrupts or damages cells causing them to mutate. The last common factor is charred meats. Meats such as beef, pork, fish, or poultry that are cooked at very high temperatures begin to form chemicals that have been found to cause changes in DNA. These changes could corrupt the DNA to a point where it causes a cell to begin to divide at rapid rates causing a tumor to form. Hereditary factors also come into play when diagnosing cancer. When one or both parents have or have had cancer and they make a offspring that child could be given damage DNA that could lead to the development of cancer. Environmental factors can join with hereditary factors to increase your chances of cancer greaty. For example, a child whose mother has cancer already has a chance of getting cancer through hereditary factors. This child could then be exposed to a environmental factor such as radiation and his chances could then grow even more. Treatments for cancer vary across a very wide spectrum. The most common treatments are Surgery, Radiation, Chemotherapy, Immunotherapy, Targeted Therapy, Hormone Therapy, Stem Cell Transplant, and Precision Medicine. While cancer can be treated by all of those methods cancer can not be cured. Even if cancerous cells are destroyed there is a chance of those cells returning and starting the process again. It is almost impossible for cancer to be 100% removed from the body forever. While cancer affects 38.5% of the global population there are still methods as to help prevent and avoid cancer. One of the most common risk factors in the development of cancer is the use of tobacco.  Tobacco badly damages cells and if avoided can greatly decrease your chances of getting cancer from your environment. Another factor to avoid is over exposure to the sun without protection. The sun emits harmful radiation that damages skin cells. Wearing sunscreen and other protective measures against the suns rays can greatly decrease your chances of developing cancer. Lastly, limiting the amount of processed meats you consume can help decrease your chances of cancer. Cancer can come in a vast variety of forms. Some more specific forms include, Carcinoma, Lymphoma and Leukemia, and a Benign Tumor. Carcinoma comes from the epithelial cells and is responsible for almost all cancers in the breast, prostate, lung, and colon. Lymphoma and Leukemia is extremely common in children and arise from cells that are responsible for making blood. Almost 30% of cancer in children is lymphoma or Leukemia. Benign tumors are a group of cells that do not have the ability to invade other tissue and can normally be removed easily. However, if left untreated these mostly non-hostile tumors can become malignant and begin to pose a true threat. The cancer I have chosen to research for this project is breast cancer in males. This cancer mostly affects men with slightly higher levels of estrogen or mens parents who had breast cancer. Normally in a man’s body hormones such as testosterone suppress the growth of breast tissue. However, with the slightly higher levels of estrogen these mens mechanisms to prevent breast tissue growth may be bypassed resulting in the growth of the breast tissue. Then like breast cancer in women these cells can begin to divide uncontrollably causing the breast cancer. On the positive side because men have little breast tissue, men can easily feel any bumps on the pectoral. Since it is so easy to locate a simple biopsy can be done to extract and analyze the growth without the need for advanced screenings. More times than not a excisional will be done to completely remove the mass. With all these options available breast cancer in males can be treated very quickly and is easy to spot and diagnose. Every year 2,470 men are diagnosed in the United States on average. 460 of these men die due to the cancer. The 5-Year survival rate for men with breast cancer that were diagnosed in a very early stage is 100%. 47% of men who are  diagnosed with breast cancer are in the early stage thus giving them a 5-Year survival rate of 100%. In stage two there is a 91% 5-Year survival rate, stage three has a 72% 5-Year survival rate, and stage four has a 20% 5-Year survival rate. Sadly in stage four the cancer has spread to other parts of the body causing it to become much harder to treat and extremely more deadly.