Alana BellMr. McKown Government05 December 2017 Presidential Amendments All amendments serve a purpose; to serve the people of the United States. More specifically to “protect their rights to property, their natural rights as individuals, and limit the Government’s power over the citizens.” This is especially important when it comes to elections. Presidential elections are extremely important to the very foundation of American. These provided who will have power over our country until the next election. The rules of electing these leaders are laid out in the Twelfth, Twentieth, Twenty-Second, Twenty-Third, and Twenty-Fifth amendments. These Amendments together string a continuous line through history to make the entire Presidential Election process. This goes from to how someone would vote and where it is submitted to when the President will be sworn. These amendments aso deal with who is eligible to vote even outside of the United States. Most importantly, they deal with the line of succession that would occur if something were to happen to the President. All of these amendments worked together to create the Presidential election process we know today. This process changed so much from how it was back when we had our first president, George Washington. This is why the Constitution is such a living document; it is able to uphold all theseamendments even into the present time. These amendment are still active to this day and play a big role every four years once election season starts again. The 12th Amendment provides the procedure for electing the President and Vice President. “The Electors shall meet in their respective states, and vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, one of whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same state with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the person voted for as President, and in distinct ballots the person voted for as Vice-President, and they shall make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, and all persons voted for as Vice-President and of the number of votes for each, which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate.” (Constitution) Originally in the Constitution, the election process was meant to be a contest of individuals not political parties. Whenever George Washington was on the ballot, his popularity among all people kept him winning. But soon after, the rise of political factions brought unexpected problems, thus the 12th Amendment was ratified. One part of the 12th amendment that relates to the 20th amendment is this “…if the House of Representatives shall not choose a President whenever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of March next following, then the Vice-President shall act as President, as in case of the death or other constitutional disability of the President.”The 20th Amendment is a simple amendment that sets the dates at which federal government elected offices end. Section 1 of this amendment explains that “The terms of the President and the Vice President shall end at noon on the 20th day of January, and the terms of Senators and Representatives at noon on the 3rd day of January, of the years in which such terms would have ended if this article had not been ratified; and the terms of their successors shall then begin.” (Constitution) Being sworn in at the beginning of the year makes much more sense than in March. It is much more fitting for a leader to be able to start their duties earlier rather than three months into the year. It is important to be on top of thing when you are leading a nation, so this was a much needed. improvement to the previous date. This amendment also tells that Congress must meet at least once a year. This part is told in Section 2 stating “The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and such meeting shall begin at noon on the 3d day of January, unless they shall by law appoint a different day.”(Constitution) Lastly the amendment mention was it to happen if the President dies before the term begins. Section 3 of this amendment states that “If, at the time fixed for the beginning of the term of the President, the President elect shall have died, the Vice President elect shall become President.” (Constitution) The amendment was ratified on January 23rd, 1933. Before the amendment a president would be sworn into office on March 4th. But since the amendment was ratified, the date to be sworn in is now on January 20th.The 22nd Amendment limits an elected president to two terms in office, which is a total of eight years. Section 1 of this amendment states “No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice, and no person who has held the office of President, or acted asPresident, for more than two years of a term to which some other person was elected President shall be elected to the office of President more than once.” (Constitution) But in contrary to that Section 2 of this amendment states that “This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States within seven years from the date of its submission to the States by the Congress.” (Constitution) Some people may believe that it would be better to have a President with longer terms but as show in modern society it would most likely be an awful idea to have someone rule over our nation for so long. One of the original intentions with this documents was to have these term limits set in place so that we would not end up like Britain and eventually turn into a monarch. Before this amendment was passed only one person had served more than two terms. Originally when Washington had decided to retire after two terms, that set a standard that lasted 150 years. Terms limit amendments were proposed for years but never adopted because the system in place worked just fine. Franklin D. Roosevelt was the one to break this standard. He served a total of four terms last from March 4, 1933 – April 12, 1945. The amendment was ratified on February 27th 1951.The 23rd Amendment extends the right to vote in the presidential election to citizens residing in the District of Columbia. This is done by granting the District electors in the Electoral College as if it were a state. In Section 1 it explains that congress may “And if the House of Representatives shall not choose a President whenever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of March next following, then the Vice-President shall act as President, as in case of the death or other constitutional disability of the President.” (Constitution) Prior to the Amendment, citizens residing in the District could not vote for those offices unless they were registered to as a citizen in the United States. But as Congress has it, the District is under self rule and treated on and off as a state as they see fit. “The District of Columbia is deemed to be a State for the purpose of levying and collecting federal and local taxes, for service in the armed forces, for diversity jurisdiction, and for regulating commerce. But as of now, the District of Columbia is not considered a State for purposes of congressional representation.” (Constitution) The amendment was ratified on March 29th, 1961. Ohio was the thirty-eighth state to approve the amendment. Which fulfilled the constitution’s fifth amendment which required an amendment to be ratified by the three-fourths of the house.The 25th Amendment provides the procedures for replacing the president or Vice President in the event of death, removal, resignation, or incapacitation. First proposed by congress and ratified by the states in the aftermath of the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. The 25th amendment has been used six times since it was ratified. Section 1 has been used once, Section 2 has been used twice, and Section 3 has been used three times. Section 1 being “In case of the removal of the President from office or of his death or resignation, the Vice President shall become President.” (Constitution) Section 2 is “Whenever there is a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, the President shall nominate a Vice President who shall take office upon confirmation by a majority vote of both Houses of Congress.” (Constitution) Section 3 is “Whenever the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that he is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, and until he transmits to them a written declaration to the contrary, such powers and duties shall be discharged by the Vice President as Acting President.” (Constitution)In the end, these amendment have had a big impact on how we decide our leader. It also gives an in-depth look at how most a lot of the processes in voting work. One might find this subject very interesting because of all the historical connection these amendments have and how they have impacted the world we live in today. Life would be so much different if no one had ever set in a term limit for each president. Had most of these amendment not been ratified, it would have been a much harder voting process. But some may believe differently, it could have been better to never have been voted as individuals rather than by political parties. It could have helped people decided better rather than be divided on everything. These amendment proved themselves to be very useful and helpful. They could definitely be considered as an improvement, considering that before most of these amendments there was nothing set in place. With nothing set in place it would be much harder now than back then. Back then, there was not as big of a population as there is today, so it would be much harder to collect all the ballots if there were no rules set in place. This paper aimed to enrich your knowledge of the presidential amendments and show the effects it had on the past and even it’s impact now. All in all these amendments proved to be very important to the America then and the America now. Works Cited Staff, LII. “12th Amendment.” LII / Legal Information Institute, 12 Nov. 2009, www.law.cornell.edu/constitution/amendmentxii.”20th Amendment – Kids | Laws.Com.” Kids, kids.laws.com/20th-amendment.”The 22nd Amendment of the U.S. Constitution.” National Constitution Center – The 22nd Amendment of the U.S. Constitution, constitutioncenter.org/interactive-constitution/amendments/amendment-xxii.”The 23rd Amendment of the U.S. Constitution.” National Constitution Center – The 23rd Amendment of the U.S. Constitution, constitutioncenter.org/interactive-constitution/amendments/amendment-xxiii.Staff, LII. “25th Amendment.” LII / Legal Information Institute, 12 Nov. 2009, www.law.cornell.edu/constitution/amendmentxxv.President Elect – Articles – The Electoral Process Before the 12th Amendment, presidentelect.org/art_before12.html.