“Several  observations  support  the  claim
 that  children 
are  widely  considered  a  vital
 mode  of  fulfilment  and  happiness … as  they  enhance  well-being 
by  fostering  greater 
marital  happiness”(Hansen  2001, p. 31). 
Moreover,  “parents  associate  having  children
 with  great  rewards,
 in  terms  of
 companionship  and  support, 
love  and  happiness,  and  a  strong  reason
 for  having  children
 is  the  fear
 of  loneliness  and  depression
 in  old  age”(Friedman
et al. 1994 in Hansen 2001, p. 32).

The  countless  anthropological  and  sociological  studies  on  the  feminine  condition  in  the  Arab  world  have  shown  that  every  woman  belonging  to  the  traditional  cultural  sphere  in  her  life  has  only  one  great  dream:  to  become  a  mother.  This  phenomenon  is  explained  if  we  take  into  account  that  motherhood  in  the  Arab  context  is  synonymous  with  identity,  social  security,  but  also  with  protection  and,  even  if  minimally,  with  access  to  the  political sphere.   For  the  first  years  of  life,  roughly  up  to  7  years,  the  child  is  fully  immersed  in  the  maternal  sphere,  an  environment  where,  however,  the  child  and  the  mother  have  all  the  support  from  the  members  of  the  their  extended  family. In most Arab families, in  fact,  ”  parents  maintain  very  close  contacts  with  their  own  parents,  brothers  and  sisters.  For  this  reason,  Arab  children  grow  up  experiencing  constant  interaction  with  older  relatives”.(Nydell 2012, p. 66).  “This contributes to the passing on of social values from one generation to another, as the influence of the older relatives is continually present. In  this  context,  the  child  shape  his  own  identity  through  rituals,  customs  and  practices  and  contributes  to  passing  of  social  values  from  one  generation  to  another,  as  the  influence  of  older  relatives  is  continually  present” (Nydell 2012, p. 66).  Moreover,  the  child  soon  discovers  the  benefits  of  being  with  others  and  wants  to  associate  with  others  to  satisfy  essentially  selfish  needs.  In  this  perspective,  he,  from  an  early  age  learns  that  in  order  to  belong  to  a  group,  he  must  also  be  ready  to  sacrifice  himself  to  place  the  interests  of  everyone  above  his  self-interest.   It  is  statistically  proved  that  the  time  spent  with  parents  and  relatives  has  a  net of  positive  effect  on  the  baby’s  psyche  and   it  is  statistically  considered  as  one  of  the  main  contributor  to  his  happiness.  This  effect  is  quantitatively  greater  than  that  of  the  time spent  with friends  and others.  Moreover,  during  adolescence,  parents  play  a key  role  in  “helping  their  kids  to   shape  their  attitudes,  beliefs,  perspectives,  and  most  importantly  all  those  personality  characteristics  that  will  contribute  to  their  happiness  in  the  future  life”      ( Mahon & Yarcheski  2002, p. 319).

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