1. When C. Wright Mills coined the term
sociological imagination, what was he trying to say? Pick an issue that is relevant
to sociology and apply the sociological imagination to better understand the
I am a college student that
also works full time. Because I want to
be independent from my parents and a contributing member of society, I choose
to live on my own, which in turn, means I must work to be able to afford rent
and a place to live. I see this as a day
to day personal issue in the art of balancing work and school to make enough money
as a nonprofessional, so I can afford housing to be independent. I also need to pay for my tuition to educate
myself, with the goal of graduating with a professional or technical degree in a
desirable, better paying field as to not feel like I’m struggling financially
for the rest of my life.
As I do see this as a personal
issue, I can absolutely step back and look at how many people are facing the same
conflicts. Is age a factor? Does the average minimum wage play a role? Does the
area I choose to live vs. the cost of housing have an effect? Is my time spent
working more important than my time spent studying? This is obviously an issue
socially in the U.S. because the government offers grants and federal aid to
students and people in need. The idea of
having a smarter more educated society is apparent.
2. What is the difference between
microsociology and macrosociology?
It is stated that micro means small and macro means
large. Microsociology is looking at the minute
details of social interactions, such as the conversation between two people at
school or how one person goes about their day to day life. On the other hand, macrosociology looks at the
larger scale and social interactions such as someone’s culture or race. How we
might study their behaviors in a group or organization is also macrosociology.
3. Compare the development of sociology
in Europe with the early development of sociology in the United States,
particularly at the University of Chicago.
How does early sociology compare with contemporary American sociology?
Early development of sociology began in Europe where is it is
believed the term “sociology” was coined.
Some of the first sociologists were Auguste Comte, Harriet Martineau,
Herbert Spencer, and Max Weber who found some of todays well known sociological
ways of thinking. From social dynamics
and statics to social Darwinism and class conflict, people began thinking in
ways of seeing society as a whole and less as an individuality.
At the beginning
of the 20th century, sociology started to become popular in the United
States. The industrial revolution was
happening and many immigrants were entering the U.S. after World War 1. This led to a much broader social environment. The University of Chicago played a huge role
in our history by starting the first sociology department of science. The city itself worked as a prime area to
study social behaviors because of the diversity in languages, races, ethnicities,
education, incomes and so much more.
today, Feminism, postmodernism, and critical theory have outlined three general
ways of viewing social experiences and the ways they can relate to one another.
The functionalist perspective, which is
a structural view of society as a system.
The conflict perspective is just that, conflict is the root of social
society and relationships. And third is the interactionist perspective that focuses
on the use of symbols to communicate.
4. Identify the three major theoretical
perspectives in sociology and provide a brief description of each perspectives
main assumptions. Choose the perspective
you like best and explain why you chose it.
The three major theoretical perspectives in sociology are
functionalism, conflict theory, and symbolic interactionism. The functionalist perspective is the structural
idea of looking at the big picture.
Focusing on the macrosociological society as a system. The conflict perspective also views society
as a whole, but in a conflicting way. The
diverse ways in thinking about Christianity vs. Buddhism or the north vs. the
south and how they differ. The interactionist
perspective focuses on the microsociological aspects of life. How and why individuals view subjects the way
they do and how or why they might react because of certain symbols or meanings that
perspective is the interactionist theory.
I like the idea or feeling that because I might put a certain sticker on
my car or wear a specific brand of boot that it symbolizes something about who I
am or the kind of person people might think I am.
5. Outline the steps of the scientific
method. How do ethical issues apply to
The steps in the scientific
method are: selecting a researchable problem, reviewing the literature, forming
a hypothesis, choosing a research design, collecting the data, analyzing the data
and stating conclusions.
studies can be very informative and value in science and research, but as
professionals conducting the study, sociologists must put the people they study
first. They must never harm or endanger the
subjects without their knowledge or they must provide informed consent to all subjects
and provide all of the facts.