1.0. Nature and scope of HRM: In a simple explanation, Human Resource Management refers to hire people, to increase their resources, utilizing, retaining and compensating their offerings in tune with the process and organizational requirements with the intention to contributing to the desires of the company, person and the society human beings in any corporation appear themselves, no longer only via individual sections but additionally thru organization interactions. while people come to their administrative center, they come with no longer only technical abilities, know-how and so on. but additionally, with their private emotions, motives, mind-set, skills-job suit, values etc. consequently, employee management in an organization does imply management of no longer only technical competencies but also different elements of the human resources: The scope of human resources management within the contemporary days is enormous. In fact, the scope of HRM become constrained to employment and protection of and price of salary and profits. The scope step by step enlarged to offering welfare facilities, motivation, performance appraisal, human resources management, preservation of human relations, strategic human resources and the like. The scope has been constantly enlarging.
The scope of Human sources management comprises:
o goals of HRM, o Company of HRM, o Strategic HRM, o Employment, o Development ,o Salary and earnings management/compensation, o Maintenance, o Motivation, o Industrial relations, o Participative control and o latest progress in HRM.


1. Three hypotheses—ecocide, rat outbreak, and climate change—are candidates as explanations of why the society of Easter Island collapsed. Explain each hypothesis, present at least one piece of evidence for each one, and state a lesson that each hypothesis contains for the world today. For each hypothesis, write one paragraph of at least four lines
Answer: Ecocide- Humans used the resources irresponsibly and caused deforestation. Humans used the logs from the trees to transport the big statues and people also used the trees to build huts. The resources were used irresponsibly when they should have been used graciously.
Rat Outbreak- Rats were introduced to the environment and fed on the trees. The trees had bite marks on the bottom of the tree and rats were brought over by ships. It wasn’t an intentional to transport them .
Climate Change: As the climate changed the Lakes were separated from the main body of water.
(8 points)

2. In a paragraph, describe the seven steps of the scientific method.
Answer: You must make an observation and ask a question or identify and define a problem about that observation. Then you make your hypothesis which is an if-then statement and then test the hypothesis by performing experiments or making observations. Then you have to organize and analyze your data. Finally you draw your conclusions and communicate your results.

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(7 points)

3. Error in data analysis often occurs because the researcher has chosen an inappropriate sample for study—a sample that does not correctly reflect the characteristics of the population or phenomenon as a whole. Name at least three different causes of sampling error and state why each of them can produce invalid data.
Answer: your sample must include enough size or amount of people or organisms. If you don’t have enough samples then your data will be concluded with an insufficient amount of data.
Bias: If someone has a strong bias towards something then they may only use the data that supports their views.
Location of Sample: If someone takes a sample in a location and then doesn’t go to another location to take a sample then the data may be insufficient.